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Custom Aids Care in California Essay

HIV/Aids have been an epidemic and many people are afraid of disclosing their status. Mostly, people do not want to be associated with HIV/Aids infected people and this makes the infected to die before the expected time. HIV/Aids spread rapidly in America during the 1990’s reaching prevalence rates of 20 -30% in some areas of the country.  Prevalence subsequently declined in some areas in America but remained stable in others (Hunter and Cumming 2009).

The National Estimate of HIV/Aids prevalence in America in 2003 show that 0.9% of boy in the Universities age bracket (20 – 25 years) and 3.1% of girls in the same age bracket are HIV positive. In a single university with an average student population of 1000 that would translate to 24 girls or 8 boys living with HIV or suffering from Aids depending on when they were infected. In a four Universities with an average student population of 8000, 50 girls or 12 boys will be living with HIV or suffering from AIDS, again depending on the time of infection.  Indeed some universities are witnessing learners in first year living under ART. This study, which is based in America, California aims at establishing the welfare of learners living with HIV/Aids in the universities in the California with a total population of 1,000,000 learners (Enzi 2006).

Statement of the Problem

Learners living with HIV/AIDS in universities have special needs.  The purpose of this study is to investigate what services are available to them.

General Objective

This study aimed at finding out the care available to learners living with HIV/AIDS in universities in California

Specific Objectives

  1. Find out the clinical care available to learners living with HIV/Aids in universities.
  2. Find out the nursing care available to learners living with HIV/AIDS universities.

Research Questions

  1. How are learners living with HIV/AIDS in universities identified?
  2. What care is available to learners living with HIV/AIDS in universities?

Study Scope

This research covered boarding universities, public and private, in America California. It was primarily focused on universities with some of the literature being obtained from the states education office.

Limitations of the Study

Most of the care required by learners living with HIV/ADS in universities is very much dependent on the universities administration; many universities administrators become uneasy when an enquiry is made on how they run their campus.  The accuracy of this study would be compromised if the respondents (lecturers) did not give accurate information.

METHODOLOGY

Population

The population for the study consisted university learners in CaliforniaState totaling 2,110,000.

Sampling Approach

Given the qualitative nature of this study a non-random sampling approach was employed because qualitative investigations allow for a relative degree of non-representative.

Sampling Techniques

This was mainly purposive sampling since the approach was non-random and key informants were selected by the researcher on the basis of the on the basis of the distinct characteristics of the population background information about the respondents.

Instrumentation

The researcher used a questionnaire which constituted awareness scale items measured on a fine point scale.

Data Collection procedures

Data was collected using questionnaires which were administered to administrators from three universities in California.  The questionnaires were mailed to the respondents with an introduction letter that requested a response in a fortnight.  The filled questionnaires were collected by the researcher in person.  A face to face session between the researcher and the respondent at this period was used to clarity some of the questions/responses.

Data analysis

The researcher processed data by way of editing and coding after the responses to the different questions had been provided; the number of responses to each question were analyzed and classified into meaningful categories that were of help to the study.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE SURVEY

This survey on the university based care for learners living with HIV/Aids in universities is carried out in California.  The state has, according to the American National Bureau of statistics a total population of 472,126 people.  It has a total of 101 universities with 20 being two year universities and 80 four year.

The total student population in these universities is 220,517 with 110,422 being men and 110,495 women. 

Background Information about the respondents

The respondents were administrators in the following universities;

  1. California Maritime Academy, (Vallejo)
  2. CaliforniaStatesUniversity, Bakersfield, (Bakersfield)
  3. CaliforniaStatesUniversity, Chico, (Chico)

Table 1

University

Public or Private

Men or women

Students Population

California Maritime Academy, (Vallejo)

 

Public

Both

130,100

CaliforniaStatesUniversity, Bakersfield, (Bakersfield)

 

Public

Both

150,000

  1. CaliforniaStatesUniversity, Chico, (Chico)

Public

Both

90,000

The chart below represents the total population of the three universities

Finding about the clinical care available to learners living with HIV/AIDS in universities

Administrator response as to whether learners living with HIV/Aids in their universities were provided with clinical care (prompt treatment of opportunistic infections, timely provision of Art’s.

Table 2

Question No.

Response

No of Respondents

Percentage

 

 

 

4

Strongly agree (SA)

0

0

Agree (A)

2

50

Un decided (UD)

2

50

Disagree (D)

0

0

Strongly disagree (SD)

0

0

Total

4

100

The response shows that 50% of the respondents feel that students receive sufficient clinical care in their school while the other half are not certain.

Finding about the number of student affected with HIV/Aids in the universities.

The results showed that about 10% of the total populations of students in California universities are infected with HIV/Aids.

Discussion of Results

According to the results obtained, the number of the respondents who felt that learners were being provided with sufficient clinical counseling care was 50% of these sampled, and this indication that there is some clinical and counseling care in universities at California.

According to the results obtained in the pie chart it shows that 10 % of students are infected with the disease while 90 percent are not infected. The romantic relationship existing in universities shows that this number can change and within 5 years the percentage of infected students can increase to 40 %.

Code: Sample20

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