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Free Example of Demographic Transition Essay

DEMOGRAPHIC DATA TABLE

Country

Birth rate (children per woman)

Death rate  

Population growth rate 2005

Population growth rate 2050

Relative place in transition

Social factor

USA

2.06

0.51%

0.92%

-0.06%

40-45

High life expectancy rate

China

1.62

NaN%

NaN%

NaN%

NaN

Decline in mortality rate

Egypt

2.83

0.41%

2%

1.32%

0-5

Fertility decline

India

2.35

0.39%

1.56%

0.76%

0-15

Fertility rate

Italy

1.28

0.72%

0.35%

-1.33%

30-40

Urbanization

Mexico

2.43

0.25%

1.41%

0.96%

0-15

Socio-economic factors

Nigeria

0

0.26%

2.46%

-1.43%

0-5

Socio-political factors

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Question 1

The countries furthest along the demographic transition have better living conditions compared to the countries earliest in the demographic transition that have very poor living conditions. The living conditions experienced in the countries farther to the demographic changes reduce the birth rate and increases the death rate while the death rate reduces in countries earliest in the demographic changes and the birth rate increases.

Question 2

This can be improved in developing countries by focusing on the fundamental aspects that would lead to social advancement, especially on socio-economic advancement.

Question 3

The demographic transitions between the transition periods between the countries give clear functional trends of fertility and mortality over the given time. It also shows how the demographic changes are influenced by the interaction of the dynamic variables.

Question 4

The pyramid for the most developed countries bulges much between the 40 to 54 year marks nearly at the center of the pyramid. While for the least developed countries, the pyramid bulges more near the base of the pyramid.

Question 5

This would affect the fertility and mortality rates in the country since it leads to the need to initiation of birth control mechanisms.

Question 6

The advancement of technology has increased the need to reduce fertility thus controlling the birth rate to a level that can be sustained by the advancing technologies that allow for economic growth sustainability.

Question 7

The birth of the baby boomer reduces with the changing years.

Question 8

The population distribution for the countries between the years has male between the ages 20 to 39 years than the women. The population distribution also comprises younger people compared to the elderly and infants.

Question 9

The distribution is due to the raising of the political power of the workforce. This is powered by the industrial revolution for the region that has lead to the expansion of the franchise of the male population in the region. Additionally, the gender-specific roles in society during the industrial revolution lead to marriage decline and linking women's political empowerment to the decline in fertility, which has lead to the decline in the franchise of women.

Question 10

The distribution between the male and female populations is the same for all ages.

Question 11

The policy has resulted in a decline in the younger generation and promoted the existence of the older generation across the sexes.

Question 12

Nepal approaches vaccination as a national priority that requires the will of the nation while it is not a national priority in India.   

Question 13

The Indians provide the vaccination during the first years of life and fail to provide the vaccine during its second stages. The Indians argue that there is no need to focus on managing one disease with numerous campaigns but instead they should focus on long-term investment aiming at improving the systems of public health.

Question 14

Nepal’s campaigns against measles by ensuring proper financing and engaging the national will by involving the strategies of winning trust from the public. They argue that vaccination is like a return from the child health care investment.

Question 15

Nepal uses the second-doze campaign that they have enabled to reach remote areas. The country has also involved an organized network of volunteer mothers that do the delivery of simple services of health around their homes. The local human rights and civic activists play crucial roles in supporting the campaigns.

Question 16

For one child, the cost of vaccination for a year = 0.15×2 =$ 0.30

Therefore, fore 450,000 children, cost of vaccination to prevent the deaths= 0.30×450,000 = $135,000

Question 17

The GDP needed = GDF/population

=2, 6000, 000,000/450000

=$ 57777.78

Percentage GDP for the children = 57777.78/450000×100 = 12.84%

Question 18

Each vaccination exercise costs $0.30 per person

Therefore, for 3 billion people, the cost of vaccination = 3,000,000,000×0.30

Code: writers15

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