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Free Example of Alcohol Usage Essay

Alcoholism is a serious chronic illness, which is hard to cure. It develops on the basis of a regular and long alcohol intake and is characterized by a special pathological condition of an organism: an uncontrollable inclination to alcohol usage, a change of tolerance level, and degradation of personality. For an alcoholic, the intoxication is the best mental condition. People with this inclination do not follow any reasonable arguments to stop drinking. The alcoholic directs all his/her energy, expenses, and thoughts to getting alcohol without reckoning with a real situation (existence of money in a family, a need of going to work). Having drunk once, he/she aspires to get drunk to a full intoxication and to become unconscious. However, this is a pathological condition when the organism has lost its ability to fight against alcoholic intoxication by vomiting and other mechanisms of protection.

Thus, not depending on the form of alcoholism, each alcohol intake causes visual changes in an organism; subsequent and increasing doses of alcohol lead to a mental degradation of a personality and development of a general disease.

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During one-time use of alcohol, toxic symptoms of intoxication decrease and become apparent next morning: a headache, weakness, a lack of appetite, slackness; a sedative action of alcohol affects vitality, mood, appetite, and sleeping; an impellent activity rises and sexual sphere is broken. Then, all the symptoms vanish if the person does not take alcohol any more.

During the casual use of alcohol, emotional changes take place; their dynamics differs from those of the sober person. Emotional reactions of the drunkard are not caused by the real external reasons; they are defined by the internal motives connected with an alcoholic condition. For this stage of alcoholism, a heavy hangover after the alcohol intake is characterized by irritability, malignancy, and feeling sick.

At the late stages of alcoholism, the tolerance of alcohol suddenly goes down, and even small doses of wine cause the same effect on the inveterate alcoholic as big portions of stiff drinks did in the past. During the so-called hard drinking when the person drinks daily, for many days or even weeks, pathological phenomena are so expressed that their elimination needs medical care. One of the characteristic complications during the hard drinking is so-called ‘delirium tremens’.

During the long-term use of alcohol, mental consequences of alcoholism take place, including asthenia, psychopathy, personality decrease (growing rude, losing interests and moral values), affective frustration (mood swings, depressions, dysphoria) with aggression and tendencies to commit a suicide, at the late stages, a dementia (a weak-mindedness) is a characteristic manifestation as well as so-called alcoholic humor (flat, rough, tactless); there also can arise psychotic conditions — sharp (delirium, hallusinosis, paranoid syndromes) and chronic (hallusinosis, nonsense jealousy, psychosis).

The neurologic consequences include sharp brain syndromes — an epileptiform syndrome, Gaye, Vernike, a cerebellar syndrome, neuritis, an atrophy of visual, acoustical nerves (especially using alcohol substitutes).

Among the somatic consequences there are the cardiovascular system affection, respiratory organs, a stomach, a liver, pancreas, kidneys, insufficiency of the endocrine system, an immune exhaustion.

Incidence and mortality (life shortening for 15 — 20 years) is widespread among the alcoholics. Traumatism and decrease in work capacity owing to carelessness, misconduct, absence of desire to work, losses of skills, stupidity, fussiness are also reported.

The time from the syndrome emergence to the first noticeable chronic intoxication consequences depends not only on the stage of the illness, alcohol abuse degree, and remoteness and but also on a constitutional vulnerability of separate organism systems; social consequences depend on working and life conditions.

In conclusion, it is obvious that alcoholism is a serious illness that can cause development of severe psychological and physical conditions. If the problem is not diagnosed and timely measures are not taken, the illness can lead to complete destruction of organs and subsequent fatal outcome.

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