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The anatomy of the eye involves the structure of the eye that can be seen with the bare eye. This is opposed to the microscopic anatomy of the eye, whereby one is required to use the microscope to see the design of the eye. The anatomy of the eye may comprise a number of parts: The orbit refers to the eye sockets which are formed by the cheekbones, the forehead and the temples of the nose. The eye is located within the sockets cushioned by pads of fat. In the orbit lies the lacrimal gland. This produces tears the helps in lubricating and moistening the eye. It also helps clean the eye and expel foreign matters. The nasolacrimal duct is through where the tears drain. They are located in the corners of the eyes (Jones, 2008). The eyelids and the eyelashes protects the eye from any foreign matter e.g dust, excessive light, water etc. The conjunctiva is the thin layer of skin that lay covering the eye. It prevents the eyes from infectious bacteria and toxic matter from getting into the eye. The conjunctiva covers the sclera, which is the white part of the eye. It extends the whole area of the eye. The sclera is attached to the extra ocular muscles that help in the movement of the eye.

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The cornea is usually a clear covering of the eye at the front and centre. It is usually located just in front of the iris. The cornea helps focus light into the eye. The anterior chamber angle is located just where the cornea meets with the iris. This is where the aqueous humor drains the eye. The posterior chamber is the area filled with an aqueous humor usually behind the iris but in front of the lens. The lens is located behind the pupil and the iris. It is surrounded by the ciliary body (Chiras, 2011). The ciliary body is a vascular layer of the eye that is located just between the sclera and the retina. Behind the lens lies the vitreous cavity, this cavity helps the eye in assuming it shape. The retina helps the eye in creating images by converting light signals into nerve signals. The retina has rods and cones. Rods are light sensitive but not color sensitive whereas the cones are color sensitive. The macula is that flat spot in the eye for the vision is most focused on the retina.  The choroid is the main blood supplier of the retina and the nerves in the eye. The optic never is usually an enormous bundle of nerves responsible for transmitting of signals between the eye and the brain; it coordinates the communication of the eye and the brain.

The terms require more memorializing so as to recall on what they mean. Use of diagrams will assist more on recalling the terminologies. It is also important to listen to how the terminologies are pronounced as it helps one to remember them and their meanings. The terminologies, mist do not have any prefixes or suffixes

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