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The Buckingham County is situated in the central part of Virginia State, United States. The county covers the 584 sq miles territory, 581 square miles of which are dry lands, whereas the remaining 3 square miles are covered with water; therefore, the county rates number 12 in the State with regard to the size. The county is bordered to the northwest by the Appomattox River and by the James River to the north. It is covered with vast woodlands, contain a large quantity of mineral deposits, as well as abundant water resources. The population of the county as estimated of 2011 was 17,278 while that of the whole State was 8,096,604. Persons under the age of 5 years were estimated of 5% of the total population, those under 18 years were 18.9%, and citizens over 65 years were close to 13%. The females’ percentage in the county is around 45%, and in the whole State - 50.9% (State & County Quick Facts. Virginia). 

The map below shows the location of Buckingham County.

Population birth rate in the county has remained at the level of 9.75% since 2000, whereas that of the State of Virginia is recorded at 13.03%, and this ranks it at the 51st place in the whole State. Seemingly, the median age of the population was marked at 41.70, which ranked it at 65th position in the State of Virginia. The population density is 30 people per square mile while that of the State was recorded to be 187.05 people per square mile. The number of households as of 2006-2010 data counted 4,859 units, and the housing units as of 2011 were 7,294 (Buckingham County, Virginia (VA)).

The average household size based on 2010 data was 2.48 people, which is the  45th position in the entire State’s statistics. With regard to the family size, the average family, according to the latest statistics, number 2.95 persons, and within State rankings, this figure is positioned at 51th place. The number of married couple families in the county is 2,867, making the county to stand at position 87 in the State. The average household income as of 2006-2010 was 34,720 dollars, and the persons, who were below the poverty level within the same range of years, counted 19.0% (Buckingham County).

The Buckingham County’s per capita income was ranked number 125 in the entire state based on the 2006-2010 statistical data that indicated the income figure at $16,752. The medium individual employee income was $27,222, and it is the 66th position. On the other hand, the standard household income was $36,414 while, in the State, it was $44,663. The average family income was fixed to be about $52,281 annually, which ranked at number 120 in the State of Virginia. The employment status for the male population aged 16 and above was estimated to be about 10,190 (68.90%), and it was positioned at the first place in the entire State, whereas their female counterparts were in the 132nd position, covering just about 4,600 (31.10%). The average commuting to work time was around 32.0 minutes, which rather high compared to the national (25,3) and state (27,2) statistics. Population of people in poverty was about 1,881, which was in position 27 while the families in poverty were 441 – 26th place in the whole State. The unemployment rate in the county is nearly 8.60% while the recent job growth stands at 2.11% (Buckingham County).

Industries in the County, which provide employment to the public include: social, health, and educational services, which give jobs for 19.4% of population, the Public administration is responsible for 14.2% job allocations, whereas the manufacturing industry covers 12.1%. There are numerous types of industries in the County, suc as the construction industry, public administration, hunting, fishing, forestry, agriculture, educational services, utilities, gas and oil extraction, quarrying and mining, and not forgetting the truck transportation industry.

Major employers in the Buckingham County comprise the construction industry, which covers about 17% of the working population, the following is public administration, which takes 12%, whereas hunting, fishing, forestry, and agriculture industries are responsible for employing of about 10% of the employed populace. Education services employ around 4% of the total employed citizens in the County. Category of workers in the county includes private salary/ware (64%), government (27%), self-employed (8%), and the unpaid family labor, which account for about 1% (Buckingham County, Virginia (VA)).

As of the 2006-2010 statistics, it was estimated that the value of a home in Buckingham County was around $99,300, which was pretty much lesser than the State standard of $249,100, and this saw it being ranked number 110. The county’s median home value has been found to have grown by 32.58% since 2000. The found growth rate with regard to the value of a home in the county is much lesser than the State’s standard rate of about 98.64% and is also lower with regard to the national of 50.42%. The median house age is about 30.8 years whereas the home appreciation percentage is close to 0.40%. The mortgage status of the county shows that about 3,632 are owner-occupied units, where those with mortgage are close to 50.74% (1,843), and those with no mortgage are 49.26% (1,789) (State & County Quick Facts. Virginia).

Moreover, the median owner costs in the county stands at 837 USD, which is ranked a number 122 in the state of Virginia. The median year in which houses were built in Buckingham County was estimated to be 1977, which actually is close to its equivalent for the Virginia State, which stands at 1978, and this figure is newer than the medium year for a house erected in the U.S., which is 1975 (Buckingham County, Virginia (VA)).

Currently, the economic situation in the county is wanting as evidenced by the data sets shown below. For instance, between the years 2006 and 2010, the income per capita was estimated at $16,752, which, in fact, was extremely much lower as compared to the State’s average income ($32,145) and, furthermore, lower with regard to the countrywide average number of $27,334. Moreover, even though the registered median household income grew by 16.19% to $34,720 since 2000, it was still low as compared to the overall Virginia state average rate of about 29.99%, as well as that of the country – 19.17%. The county depends majorly on the revenues from real estate, which, for instance, for the budget year 2011/2012 was estimated to bring 8,330,000 USD. This probably indicates the rate at which the real estate industry is growing rapidly, thus, resulting in an elevated income to the government.

The health situation in the county has really affected the economic growth. For instance, the water quality is about 76% on a scale of 100, and this is somehow responsible for the cropping up of water borne diseases in the county. The physicians’ level per 100,000 people is 35, which is again a poor marker as it is quite unreasonable and unbearable for such a little number of medical doctors to serve such a large figure of the population. Health is of great importance for any economy to grow as it directly affects the labor force together with the revenues of the county as it has to cover all the healthcare expenses (Buckingham County).

The taxes on personal property are seemingly too high as they are set at $4.05 per $100 of the assessed value; therefore, this rate prevents many citizens invest in personal property. With time, people will opt to operate in rental housing, which will see the county lose quite a remarkable amount of revenue. Even though it is evident that the county gets much of its revenue from the real estate, it is quite vulnerable to market changes like inflation, and if this situation happens, then there would occur a revenue reduction.

In the education sector, the county is lagging behind where, for instance, the percentage of the population pocketing a graduate degree just approaches 3%, which is quite low as compared to the U.S. graduate percentage (8.97%). Moreover, poverty percentage retails at 19.0% while the unemployment rate as of September 2012 stands at 7.4%. This phenomenon has affected the revenue collection of the county, thus, hampering its economic development (Buckingham County).

The taxes on personal property ought to be reduced a little bit as this move would appeal to many citizens to invest in private property. Thus, in the long run, the county would earn more revenue from it. Unemployment rate is quite high within the County even though there are many avenues of employment, for instance, in the mining, hunting, fishing, forestry, and even the agricultural sector. The county boasts of getting close to 43 inches of rainfall annually, which is higher than the U.S. average (36.5). Therefore, the agricultural sector ought to be stimulated through the injection of grants and loans by the government in partnership with the private sector, and by this initiative, it would see many citizens getting employment from the sector. The county has numerous known minerals namely gold, iron, copper, manganese, limestone, marble, sand, and gravel and also clay materials, and most of these have not been fully exploited as the authorities impose stern rules and taxes on the companies willing to mine them. Rules ought to be made sensible, and the reduction of taxation on foreign mining companies should be reduced remarkably. On the part of agriculture also, irrigation schemes would greatly improve the farming status of the county to a much advanced level ensuring stability and revenue inflow.

Conclusion

Buckingham County forms quite a large model of planned business and residential development. Once controlled and developed properly, it would ensure sufficiently managed economic rise, which can improve the level of life of its respective residents. This can happen with the help of attracting the desired socially accountable new businesses, as well as ensuring a tax reliable and attractive county administration’s policy. It should be responsive to the requirements of businesses and residents while maintaining levy rates at a reasonable level and, at the same time, preserving the preferred rural distinctiveness of the county.

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