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Brazil is one country that consists of a large population whose people come from different origins and races. Brazil used to be inhabited by native Indians during the time that Portuguese settled there. The native Indians used to stay in villages all over the land, and their main source of income was limited agriculture. The Portuguese people were running away from poverty, and that made them not conquer the interiors of Brazil.

Over the years, Brazil has seen massive developments in various sectors of the country. Brazil consists of one of the largest populations in the world yet significant developments can be noticed across the country. The government ensures that health, agriculture, environment, technology, imports and exports continue to grow through various policies and laws. However, problems still do exist in these sectors though the government always takes an initiative to curb the issues affecting those sectors.

As much as there are other sectors that harbor significant developments, this paper looks at the development in the five sectors mentioned above. These sectors consist of the most fundamental units that a government cannot ignore while making policies and decisions concerning the people in a country.

Health Factors in Brazil

In Brazil, health issues are usually taken care of by the government and the private sector. The government ensures that there exist federal laws that are concerned with primary health care for all the citizens. Another great entity that is vital in the health sector is public health care that must be provided to all the permanent residents of Brazil and the foreigners staying in Brazil as well. The most serious health issues in Brazil are childhood mortality, mortality caused by cancer, heart and circulatory problems, mortality due to accidents, violence and suicide, and motherhood mortality that affects women giving birth. Infant mortality is high while life expectancy has also moved up. The Brazilian health policies are vital in improving health care and ensuring that people get access to health institutions. There has been increased health supply into the country such as drugs and human resources. The country has put measures to ensure emergency medicines are provided to all citizens.

Income Among the People of Brazil

The key to economic growth in Brazil is Agriculture. In the Brazilian history, Agriculture seems to be one of the ways that people survive in the country. Indigenous people in Brazil depended entirely on Agriculture. Later on, after the coming of Portuguese, they started farming sugarcane in large scale. After some years, they felt that sugarcane did not provide them with the satisfaction that they required. Again, the people shifted their focus from sugarcane farming to practicing other forms of agriculture. Most of the Portuguese explorers were not entirely interested in conquering Brazil since they were also living in poverty. The interiors of the country remained untouched since the Portuguese were not focused in developing that country. The emergence of sugar in Brazil led to massive importation of slaves who would work in Brazil as forced laborers.

Around the 19th century, coffee beans that saw a massive migration of people from the European descent into the country replaced sugar cane. This is what brought about the emergence of Brazil republic and after years of issues of political instability During the exploration of Portuguese in Brazil, the native Indian people used to be involved in agriculture as their main way of life. Today, agriculture is one of the major economic activities among the Brazilian community. Agriculture has led to problems such as deforestation of Amazon forest. This is because for the past 30 years, people have been clearing the forest in order to expand their farming and pasture lands. Agriculture contributes to a large part of Brazil’s foreign exchange where by it contributes to approximately 6 per cent of the total GPD. Agriculture that includes agribusiness accounts for about 25 % of the total GPD in Brazil. Also, agriculture contributes to a large part of total exports such that it accounts for 36 per cent of the exports in Brazil. This is because Brazilian people produce massive amounts of coffee, sugar cane, fruits, juice, soybeans and commercial cattle.

Exports, Imports and Trade Policy

In Brazil, export has been promoted to a level that the country competes well with other countries in the world. Export has led to growth and generated developments in various sectors of the Brazilian economy. In Brazil, exports seem to be used to reduce the issues of the country from financial inflations as seen in many other countries all over the world. It remains clear that Brazil remains an active participant in issues affecting the World Trade Organization that makes it an international player in the economic and political profile. In addition, Brazil offers a ready market for imports from other areas of the world. Brazil has entered in to trade agreements with countries such as Egypt, Mexico, Canada and the EU.

Environmental Developments in Brazil

The government takes initiatives in ensuring that the massive number of rain forests remains protected by the national government, state government and municipal governments. The problem that faces the country is that pollution seems to destroy ecology and the environment. Pollution seems to increase due to the increased industrialization of Brazil. During the migration of Portuguese from Portugal to Brazil, gold mining became an initiative for the communities. They would mine the gold in areas where it could be easily found since at that point there existed no machines to aid in the mining. Emergence of gold mining in the country led to various developments in the country. However, after dealing with gold for some time, the people of Brazil shifted their focus to agriculture.

A vital point to note is that Brazil harbors the hugest rain forest in the world and the government has put a lot of emphasis on ensuring that the forest remains conserved by the people. For some years (about 30 years), the Amazon forest remained prone to exploitation and deforestation due to human factors such as agriculture and illegal logging. However, the government seems to make progress in getting other areas for people to practice agriculture and offer pastures for their livestock. This progress is seen to be vital in reducing deforestation due to human need to practice agriculture. The problem of illegal logging leading to deforestation poses a great danger for the great Amazon forest. The Brazilian Forest Service remains a vital institution in ensuring the Amazon forest is conserved for the good of the country.

Technological Developments in Brazil

Brazil is among the leading countries in the terms of science and technology. There has been great development in the industrial sector. The Brazilian government takes so much emphasis on research in agriculture, oil production in the deep seas, biofuels and remote sensing. Through science and technology, the government ensures that the citizens remain sensitized on the issues of innovation and invention. This move has proved to be essential in driving economic growth in the country. However, there exist challenges that affect these developments especially in the water and sanitation sectors. Brazilian government preserves strong ties between them and the U.S in academic and medical research. The country enjoys the benefits of interacting with other institutions in that it gets advanced technologies in telecommunications, energy efficiency and other sensitive sectors.

Conclusion

The Brazilian health policies are vital in improving health care and ensuring that people get access to health institutions. There has been increased health supply into the country such as drugs and human resources. Agriculture contributes to a large part of total exports such that it accounts for 36 per cent of the exports in Brazil. This is because Brazilian people produce massive amounts of coffee, sugar cane, fruits, juice, soybeans and commercial cattle. Brazilian government preserves strong ties between them and the other countries in academic and medical research.

The country enjoys the benefits of interacting with other institutions in that it gets advanced technologies in telecommunications, energy efficiency and other sensitive sectors. Through science and technology, the government ensures that the citizens remain sensitized on the issues of innovation and invention. However, there exist challenges that affect these developments especially in the water and sanitation sectors. Brazilian government preserves strong ties between them and other governments in academic and medical research. Environmental developments in Brazil ensure that rain forests (including the large Amazon forest) remain conserved by the government.

Code: Sample20

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