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Custom Earth on Edge Essay

Environmental issues continue to puzzle many governments across the globe. The complexity of environmental issues is compounded by the existence of both proponents and opponents of environmental management and conservation approaches. This paper focuses on Bill Moyer’s video “Earth on Edge”. Specific focus will be on Mongolia as a case study. I explore the environmental theme that presents in this case study and the present state of affairs in Mongolia.

Moyer’s explanation of current the state of affairs in Mongolia highlights some of the challenges that this society is facing. These challenges limit its quest to manage the environment and promote sustainable development. In this particular case, the environmental issue at stake is the threat of livestock herding and grazing on Mongolia’s grassland (Moyers, 2012). Nomadic herders in Mongolia are a real threat to the existence of environmental ecosystems supportive of biodiversity. This unfortunate situation is the consequence of grazing and herding of large numbers of livestock in the grassland for thousands of years.

Environmentally degrading grazing activities are replacing the initial rotational grazing patterns that protected the ecosystem. It is this sad reality that evokes feelings of despair and disillusionment as the livelihoods of many faces real threat stake. The threat of nomadic herding to the survival and protection of biodiversity in the ecosystem is thus the environmental issue at stake (Moyers, 2012).The herding community is therefore to blame for the environmental challenges that Mongolia is facing presently. This is because of their herding patterns that are potentially catastrophic.

The political and economic alterations that have ensued in Mongolia have seen population that depends on the grassland triple.  Moyers (2012) cited that the size of the herds in this society has also risen, partly to provide support for the growing cashmere export industry (Moyers, 2012). These changes have significant implications on grassland and the ecosystem in its entirety. In Mongolia, rotational grazing pattern that allowed growth of grass is quickly fading out. Very few herders are awake to the implications of keeping large sizes of herds and the potential for environmental degradation. This is the direct opposite of how things were several years ago when, even with the large sizes of herds, the Naisurendorj did not degrade the ecosystem in their quest to boost economic progression.

As a result of overgrazing, grass in Mongolia cannot withstand the damaging effect of human activity (Moyers, 2012). The grassland plains are thus becoming dryer and dryer year after another. This gradual destruction of the grassland is magnetic and attracts desertification process which is a critical challenge, both in the developing and the developed countries. The consequences of overgrazing are already unfolding. Moyers (2012) cited that rangeland ecologists report their concerns that the land is already suffering because it is stretching to offer support to extremely large populations. This is quite an unfortunate catastrophic situation that puts the lives of many at stake and renders them vulnerable to extinction.

Overgrazing has the potential of causing soil erosion, deforestation, food insecurity, among many other pending disasters (Moyers, 2012).  Desertification, soil erosion and other environmental concerns are some of the areas that the United National Environmental Program is presently struggling with in its quest to push for environmentally-friendly human activities. In order to address issues of climate change at the global level, the population in Mongolia must embrace herding, cultivation and other human activities that will safeguard their mere source of livelihood (Moyers, 2012). The herders must thus be taught to consider practicing herding and grazing activities that do not threaten their mere existence. They must be in the frontline in advocating for environmental conservation to avoid falling under the category of herders on the precipice.

In conclusion, Mongolia’s case is a sorry state of affairs especially considering the strong relationship between healthy herding activities and custodianship, management and conservation of the environment. The land must thus be preserved to support livelihood and biodiversity in the entire Mongolian population.

Custom Earth on Edge Essay

Code: Sample20

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