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He was born on September 24, 1896 in St. Paul, Minnesota, and died December 21, 1940. Fitzgerald acquired the name of his relative, Francis Scott Key, who was also an American author of novels and short stories. Fitzgerald was born in a middle class family; whereby his childhood life revolved between New York and Minnesota. Fitzgerald attended three different elementary schools prior to entering the Princeton University in 1913. Due to the poor performance in his studies, he prematurely left his studies in 1917 which had culminated to poor academic records. He consequently took up a commission in the United States Army, which was during the World War 1, where his know-hows were more peaceful as he never saw action during the war. The spiraling peak in his life was when he met the love of his life in 1918 Zelda Sayre, a hopeful writer. He felt that he could not prop up the two Zelda’s brakes off the commitment, but later they got married in 1920 and were blessed with a daughter Frances Scott 'Scottie' who was born in 1922.

The family settled at a domicile in Westport, Connecticut and continued the lifestyle of the prosperous and prominent, persistently entertaining people. Zelda was enticing, Fitzgerald was jealous, and it was only the beginning of a turbulent life together. At the same time as he continued to write short stories for magazines, he was lead to his next major published work which was a collection of short stories, Flappers and Philosophers (1920). Zelda clinched the flapper standard of living, dressing provocatively and started smoking cigarettes, and she and her husband enjoyed the open-minded, self-gratification pursuits of the boisterous twenties of which it was, when the post-war American economy was flourishing. Although it was a time of interdiction, there was no discrepancy of alcoholic drinks in the Fitzgerald household.

 His works are the archetype writings of the Jazz Age, a term he came up with himself. He is until now broadly regarded as one of the paramount American writers of the 20th century; Fitzgerald is well thought-out to be among or a member of the “Lost Generation" of the 1920s. He completed four novels: This Side of Paradise, The Beautiful and Damned, Tender is the Night and his most famous, The Great Gatsby.

The 1920s, which was the era of the jazz age, proved to be the most dominant decade of Fitzgerald's improvement. The Great Gatsby, which was his masterpiece, was published in 1925. Fitzgerald mostly traveled to Europe; Paris and the French Riviera, and has made acquaintances with many members of the American emigrant society in Paris, conspicuously Ernest Hemingway. Their friendship was quite enthusiastic, as many of Fitzgerald’s relationships would prove to be. Furthermore Hemingway was in ghastly terms with Zelda as he portrayed her as “crazy”;  he complained that she encouraged her husband to drink so as to engross him from his writing, while Zelda  accused her husband of a homosexual connection with his friend  Hemingway, but that doubtful accusation came in the come around of storms that were splitting their marriage apart and driving her towards the precipice of insanity. Like most professional authors of the time, Fitzgerald supplemented their income by writing short stories for such magazines as The Saturday Evening Post, Collier's Weekly, and Esquire, and sold their stories and novels to Hollywood studios. This Side of Paradise became all the rage in large part, because it portrayed the way of life and traditions of the young postwar generation. Fitzgerald was part of the American literature movement known as modernism which was during 1914–1945, the time between the two world wars. Modernists felt during to the war America had lost its purity; its literature had been marked with the thought of living for the second that tomorrow will take care of it. The youths do little more than kiss casually, being involved in occasional drinking, and treating their parents rudely, but in 1920 that was enough to make them look like rebels to their families and communities at large, considering that no one was actually aware of what they were rebelling against.

Fabricated opinion makers were unresponsive to pact Fitzgerald full marks as a solemn craftsman. His temper as a drinker enthused the myth that he was a careless writer; yet he was a meticulous reviser whose creative writing went all the way throughout layers of summary. Fitzgerald’s understandable, inspired, colorful, intellectual techniques bring to mind the emotions associated with time and place. When detractors objected to Fitzgerald’s apprehension with love and accomplishment, his reaction was that it was his own products of writing that God blessed him with and there was nothing he could do about it but to write. The chief subject matter of Fitzgerald’s work is ambition, impracticality which he regarded as essential American disposition. An additional principal theme was variability or trouncing, being a social historian Fitzgerald became acknowledged with the Jazz Age: “It was the age of miracles, it was the age of excess, it was the age of art and it was the age of satire,” his quote from “Echoes of the Jazz Age.”

The Fitzgerald in winter of 1925-1925 travelled to Rome. There he revised The Great Gatsby andlater publishedFitzgerald’s accomplishment received the decisive praise, but sales of Gatsby were not up to scratch, though additional income was brought about by the stage rights. During these years Zelda Fitzgerald’s strange behavior became more and more eccentric. The Fitzgerald’s later returned to the United States to escape the distractions of France and its environs. Nevertheless, then the Fitzgerald’s went back to Paris in 1929, where his wife’s intense involvement in ballet contributed to their break up and caused couple’s drifting apart; in addition spring in 1930 she experienced her first breakdown, Fitzgerald was writing short stories to cover the psychiatric treatment and take care of the family expenses.

The period of 1936-1937 is famous as “the crack-up”, because of the essay title of Fitzgerald which he wrote in 1936. Drunk, ill, in debt, and without possibility to create commercial stories, Fitzgerald lived in hotels in North Carolina. His wife Zelda Fitzgerald was in the Highland Hospital. She couldn’t maintain his house for daughter. When the daughter turned fourteen, she started going to the boarding school. She was living in a surrogate family. However, Fitzgerald paid the part as a concerned father by mail and wanted to take charge of daughter’s education, he wanted to shape her social and cultural values. He paid off most of debts; however, he could not save the little money he got from his wages. His travels to visit his wife were very expensive, considering the little money he earned. When being in California, he fell in love with Sheilah Graham, the movie columnist. This relationship endured, in spite of his troubles surrounded him. He was working as a freelance script writer and was writing short stories for Esquire, when he started his Hollywood novel in 1939, The Love of the Last Tycoon. He had written almost half of a draft when he died in his apartment of a heart attack on December 21, 1940. Another bad news that shocked people was that Zelda Fitzgerald perished at a fire in 1948 at the Highland Hospital living their daughter alone with no parents.

Conclusion

F. Scott Fitzgerald formed himself into an established craftsman and rigorous reviser, whose most excellent work, touched with vividness, belongs and reflects the era or period that he was around as it captured a lot, considering the various economic, social, political and cultural nature or way of life at that time, his writings help one to understand how things were at that time as it touches life in different perspectives those who had money and those who did not, and how the world war affected positively or negatively on people’s lives at that specific time and period. Fitzgerald’s life at that time still corresponds to most people in this world of today considering the political, social, economic and cultural settings of our society. 

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