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Does the organization and distinction of the professions encourage or discourage democracy? The organization and distinction of professions to some extend encourages democracy. This is because professions give individuals an upper hand and the facts to champion for their rights as well as the social rights in the public domain. Professions and democracy have a relationship and in particular when people demand for autonomy and self governance within the democratic framework.

The relationship between professions and democracy is poorly understood in public discourse which is dominated by populist attacks and apologetic defenses (Palonen, Pulkkinen and Rosales 279). Also it is worth to note that the theory of modern democracy might start right form looking at the mutual drift between citizens and politicians. In this context Palonen, Pulkkinen and Rosales says that a critical theory of democracy would have to acknowledge on one hand of the democratic virtue of political professionalization. Most of the professions tend to disagree with the idea of democratic self government which can be upheld under present conditions. It is also possible to note that the vices of professions endanger the very essence of democracy (Palonen, Pulkkinen and Rosales 278).

In definition, profession is the relationship between a guild and an esoteric body of knowledge which entails authority and legitimacy (Curren and Randall 176). Professions compete with democracy in that the self regulation and autonomy of professionals diminishes legislative and administrative control over the service professionals provide. Curren and Randall commented that professions claim to authority over their work is mostly justified by expertise and therefore values other than expertise are more central to democracy (176). Democratic and professional forms of authority can be mixed in institutions and therefore in our societies such mixtures are also commonly used and applied (Curren and Randall 176).

Curren and Randall found out that “in a democracy, professions will be legitimated by democratic bodies and ultimately accountable to them” (176). Besides this, they also said that such autonomy and self governance must be within a democratic framework. The principles that justify democratic authority and professions are different and competitive (Curren and Randall, 176). Another important aspect is that professions control their work hence what they should not be controlled democratically. 

The USAID and other providers of DG assistance are guided in achieving their goals by a well defined theory of democratic development that could identify where a recipient country stood on feasible trajectories towards stable democracy (Committee on Evaluation of USAID Democracy Assistance Programs 23). Professionals continue to debate exactly how to define democracy in terms of what pathways lead most reliably to full liberal democracy, what the necessary conditions are to achieve and stabilize democracies.

Pardo and Schwartz say that “due to professionalism democracy has lost in quality and governments find it more difficult to govern, to reach agreements with the increasing number of the ever-more powerful interest groups” (22). From this it is possible to assert that this has made it difficult to govern in a coherent way for the common well being and the community as a whole (Pardo and Schwartz 22). They also said that if we relate the impact of professions on democracy then the importance of the attractiveness of political candidates combined with the ill informed voters, then actual power that pressure groups exert in internal democracy within political parties may have a tremendous impact.

The book Public choice and the challenges of democracy says that “the latest generations are growing up in an atmosphere in which civic values and virtues are some how weaker than in previous times” (24). Professions have changed values such as responsibility, work and effort. This enables people to obtain almost everything and thus as a result the younger generations show little interest in democracy. Pardo and Schwartz indicated that professionalism is already having an impact on social and political life. This means that if this people retain their present mentality, concerns values attitudes and behavior they may thus become a danger to democracy.

Fischer says that nothing would seem to come closer to the kind of professional reorientation in the early decades of the twentieth century that is the professional as facilitator of public learning and democratic deliberation (43). Some people see the need to democratize the professions themselves. Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry indicated that “when we speak of a new democratic role for the professions in a democratic society we should understand the relationship that exists between professionalism and democracy” (44). Another important fact that should be noted is if or not professionals are helping citizens participate in the decision that affect their lives.

Code: Sample20

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