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Sacred architecture refers to an architectural practice with a religious base. It entails the construction of worship places that include churches, synagogues, temples and mosques. Sacred architecture developed within several ancient styles of architecture that include Neolithic, Sumerian and ancient Egyptian architecture.

Sacred architecture can be traced to Byzantine architecture that developed from the Roman architecture. The style of Byzantine architecture was static for a long time through the history of the empire. The sacred buildings of the Byzantine architecture preserved classical balance and simplicity. They were mainly built using brick. The typical church, built using Byzantine style, featured a great central dome that was circled with smaller domes and other half-domes. The invention of the pendentive method enabled the architects to mount domes over chambers of rectangular or square shapes, for instance, the Hagia Sophia building. The Byzantine architecture was followed by the Romanesque architecture that was inspired by Roman architecture (Bishop 30).

Romanesque architecture mainly comprised of round arches and the Basilica style. It was influenced by Visigothic, Byzantine, Carolingian and Islamic forms of architecture. At around the 1200 period Romanesque architecture overlapped between several styles, with gothic features being the most notable. The religious buildings were erected in harmonious proportions. They had thick and heavy walls, pillars and small windows. They were also characterized by sculptured decorations put on portals and other surfaces. Romanesque architecture was employed all over Europe and in the late development of medieval architecture. It was developed using a wide variety of materials and aesthetic features that significantly showcased the regional variations of the Romanesque architecture (Bishop 87).

In conclusion, during the early medieval period the sacred architecture developed from the origins of Byzantine style to the high Romanesque architecture. It had distinct features that were developed in sacred buildings, mostly in churches, synagogues and temples. However, the style changed over time  some variations into it.

Code: Sample20

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