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Custom Fishing Practices in New England Essay

Fish and other fish species are becoming extinct day in day out due to the illegal and irresponsible fishing practices. This topic will discuss the available fishing practices and laws of fishing particularly fish, lobsters and other notable fish species in New England in Maine. The Maine Department of Marine resource is paramount in the formation of laws that govern the fishing grounds as well as the lobstermen. They department forms the policies as well as implement conservation policies to the lobstermen in order to maintain the lobster population in the sea. As such, it formed to develop as well as conserve the marine and estuarine resources. On the other hand, they are responsible for the conduction and promotion of research of the fisheries. Tentatively, they participate actively in the promotion and development of the Maine coastal fishing industries. Additionally, they participate with advising and cooperating with the local, state as well as, federal officials, with retrospect to the activities in the coastal waters. Maine Department of Marine Resources also implements, administer, and enforce the laws and regulation necessary for the coastal purposes. The department, on the other hand, is responsible in determining and identifying innovative fishing gear and methods practical for the lobstermen. The department main challenge is the dearth of information regarding the dynamics of whale enlargement. As such, the rare occasion is thus hard to get solutions in better getting proffered fishing grounds for the fishing of the lobsters. On the other hand, they have a problem with understanding the better fishing methods that might pose a greater risk of severe.

Conservation measures in New England

Conservation measures are paramount in the lobster industry as appropriate conservation practice result to increased yield of lobster landings. As such, it is necessary for appropriate measures to be conducted to ensure that the average landing of the lobsters does not vary. New England, as a result, has put various conservation practices as well as policies to ensure the increased production of the lobster. The conservation measures encompass various aspects that include maintaining the lobster breeds, appropriate fishing methods as well as ensuring that the egg production for the lobsters monitoring. The key technical measure is the minimum landing size. Minimum landing size implies the landing size of the lobsters that brought to the port. As such, the minimum landing size ensures that the lobster mature to the required standard. Tentatively, the policy ensures maximum growth for the lobsters. On the other hand, minimum landing size ensures that the lobsters breeding stocks maintains, in order to see maturations and growth of lobsters. Nonetheless, this practice is proficient specifically in the management of fisheries as most of the lobsters that returns back to the sea from the ports experience low mortality rate.

Licensing

New England pot fisheries monitors the waters as it ensures control of the fishing grounds through a licensing scheme. As such, the licensing restricts the entry of vessels to the fishery and requires returns of fishing effort as well as catch information. The local or regional management enforces laws that apply up to a six mile fishery limit around the New England fishery grounds. As such, the licensing scheme is paramount in determining the average landing as well as helps implement plans that would stop or reduce overfishing. Tentatively the lobster lobstermen have a license that enables the local management to monitor the returns. As such, illegal fishing has been the main problem of overfishing reduces. On the other hand, there are adverse consequences for the illegal lobstermen, thus promotion of the licensing policy. The licensing policy not only maintains the average population of the lobster but also averts the fishing of immature lobsters.

The laws regulation conducted by the local management at the fishery. As such, the prohibition landing for the V-notched lobsters, as well as enforcing the MLS is proficient in the conservation of the lobsters. Undoubtedly, these policies ensure breeding stock or lobsters smaller than a certain size to be returned to the sea. The local legislation within the 6 mile limit includes protection of berried females, prohibition of landing soft lobsters, vessel size restriction, the limitation of pots per vessels, escape gaps in the pot that allows small lobsters to escape back into the sea, as well as, marking of gear and higher MLS of 90mm carapace. As such, the minimum landing size applies in all landing coats, in New England.

Stock structure assessment

The assessments of stock units conducted out by the local management with retrospect to the fishery characteristic as well as practicalities of management, not by the biologically presented stock boundaries. As such, the management of the stock population would necessitate for international cooperation. For instance, the various fishing grounds have varied lobster specie thus would require international corporation.

V-notching

Because the egg bearing or berried are not always present in the fisheries all year round, thus it is hard to distinguish the breeding stocks. As a result of this, the program functions where the lobstermen marked the berried lobsters with a V-notch to distinguish them. On the other hand, the local management prohibits the landing of berried lobsters in from within the fishery districts that are within the six mile limit. As a result, the local management can determine whether the landings made illegally or legally by measurement, as well as visual appearance. Tentatively, the legislation forbids the removal of the v notch from the lobsters, as such; in case of any doubts the supply may be contacted for verification.

Additionally, the implementation of conserving young lobsters or the breeding stock through V-notching, as well as MLS, needs to be complemented by controls regarding fishing efforts. As such, it includes limiting the number of pot days; otherwise they will risk their fishery stock overfished. Tentatively, in New England that there exist a general consensus that national measures would be proficient in safeguarding the spawning lobsters, possibly by introducing a maximum landing size. Conservation measures to increase egg production

Presently egg production, with retrospect to the biomass is relatively low; thus corrective measures need to be put in place. As such, a larger egg production would present a buffer against fluctuations in recruitment and thus the lobster habitat would be utilized fully by the species. Tentatively, the augmenting egg production is a precautionary approach but does not form a guarantee against stock reduction.

Exploitation rate reduction

The reduction of the exploitation rate ensures that the lobsters survive the fishery as well as enable growth of the lobsters into larger sizes. As a result, breeding lobster can live longer as well as produce more clutches of eggs. Larger females, certainly, produce bigger and larger clutches of eggs and eggs of the spawning lobsters for the second and subsequent times are of better quality with regard to the first spawners. Thus, the improved quality as well as larger lobsters presents better yields as well as better income for the farmers. Closing fishing areas

Closing of some areas in the fishing grounds allows for the unexploited portion to develop. As such, the unexploited portion provides s better breeding grounds for the lobsters. As such, the lobsters are able to mature without external interference. The unexploited grounds provide better breeding grounds for the lobsters, thus increasing the lobster population. On the other hand, the lobsters are able to mature better lobster breeds. Additionally, the total egg populations in the unexploited regions are higher as compared to the frequently exploited areas. As a result, the combination of closed areas with maximum sizes would serve a better purpose in conserving the lobsters.

Increase the minimum carapace

An increasing proportion of lobsters is sexually mature with increased size, which results to, increased egg size. As a result, the larger the legal size the larger the size of the lobsters, as well as the egg production. Thus, the increase in minimum carapace would be proficient in production of larger lobsters as well as increase in eggs production .V-notch berried females.

V-notching means the cutting a notch into an element of the tail fan of an egg bearing lobster. In the case where, marked lobsters captured, they returned back into the sea. This will only be done after the egg bearing female has released their eggs. As such, this practice comes in handy in protecting known spawners; thus breeding maintains. This protective measure is proficient in establishing better off springs as well as maintains the lobster population in the fisheries. As such, the mark retains up to four molts, whereas the V-notching exercise is voluntary by the lobstermen.

Appropriate fishing methods

Most of the lobsters captured in baited pots also known as traps, as well as trawls and static nets, may be mature. In most cases, the pot is top opening or side opening, as well as a retained chamber (parlour pot). As such, the pots fished individually or rather in strings of up to 100 pots. As such, the pots should be designed in a manner that the immature lobsters not caught to ensure that the breeding of the lobsters maintains. On the other hand, the total number employed in the farming is dependent on the size of the fishing vessel, as well as the number of the crew in the vessel. As such, the fishing of lobsters using the pot method is proficient and sustainable due to two reasons. To begin with, there is a behavioral bumper against overexploitation as the capture relies on the lobsters attracted to the pots to feed.

 On the other hand, the pot fishing, method has little effect on the sea bed or other organisms that live in the sea bed. The main fishing season for the lobsters takes place from the month of April to October where the mature females are of main interest to the farmers. Certainly, potting is a localized activity where fishing may be done thought the year. The main fishing concentrates in the inshore waters, when the water temperatures in the fishing grounds are high enough to stimulate the feeding activity of the lobsters. The largest vessels in the lobster fleet are nomadic, working in areas with abundant lobster. As such, such vessels fitted with storage tanks known as Vivier tanks for storing the lobsters alive.

The first institution that will be essential for the definition of an essential policy is the Marine Department of Marine Resources. The Maine Department of Marine resources are paramount in the formation of laws that govern the fishing grounds as well as the lobstermen. They department forms the policies as well as implement conservation policies to the lobstermen in order to maintain the lobster population in the sea. As such, it formed to develop as well as conserve the marine and estuarine resources. On the other hand, they are responsible for the conduction and promotion of research of the fisheries. Tentatively, they participate actively in the promotion and development of the Maine coastal fishing industries. Additionally, they participate with advising and cooperating with the local, state as well as, federal officials, with retrospect to the activities in the coastal waters.  Maine Department of Marine Resources also implements, administer, and enforce the laws and regulation necessary for the coastal purposes. The department, on the other hand, is responsible in determining and identifying innovative fishing gear and methods practical for the lobstermen. The department main challenge is the dearth of information regarding the dynamics of whale enlargement. As such, the rare occasion is thus hard to get solutions in better getting proffered fishing grounds for the fishing of the lobsters. On the other hand, they have a problem with understanding the better fishing methods that might pose a greater risk of severe enlargement.

The second institution will be the Maine Commercial Lobster Fishing Safety Council. Thecouncil is instrumental in the overseeing of safety of commercial lobster fishing in Maine. Most of its duties lie in policy making on occupational safety and lobster fishing safety requirements. These involve ensuring the maintenance of fishing vessels and its supposed sailors or fishermen. Then the council has a duty for safety fishing practices of lobsters to balance both existences of lobsters and the level of fishing. Another notable institution is the Bureau of Sea-Run Fisheries and Habitat. The Bureau of Sea-Run Fisheries and Habitat in the conjunction with the Atlantic Salmon Commission (ASC) are responsible for routine monitoring the population and distribution of lobster in the Maine Rivers and other coastal regions. The process is crucial for the management of development of marine activities in Maine. Hence, this process would be very crucial for the maintenance and conservation of lobster population. Data and information gathered from the routine monitoring services would be essential in coming up with policies for the creation of policies for the conservation of lobsters and control over the overall population of lobsters. A number of threats affect the population of lobsters in Maine. These threats include the predation of lobsters and have an increased commercial fishing. Also recreational activities and other poaching activities have also impacted in the threatening of lobster population.

The Bureau has the ability to come up with provisions for policies that will discourage such activities in order to enhance a proper environment for the development of lobster population. Another notable issue that is causing concerns is the threat of global warming that has led to dangers of increased sea temperatures, acid precipitation issues and other issues. The Bureau is in support of biological research to counter such issues so that population of lobsters and other marine natural resources and fish are maintained. Sport fishing has also been prohibited, but there is need for more policies to counter private fishing and level of fishing in Maine to enhance lobster population.

Code: Sample20

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