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Free Example of Osteoporosis: Bone Disease Essay

Osteoporosis (literally - porous bone) is a progressive decrease in bone density, which leads to a decrease in bone strength. The disease affects simultaneously all the bones of the skeleton, which leads to the risk of fracture in the most ordinary situations, in most everyday stresses. Our bones contain mineral substances, especially calcium and phosphorus, which provide strength and bone density. Osteoporosis is characterized by a decrease in the content of these minerals in the bones of the skeleton, due to their washout. This is because of hormonal disorders and metabolic diseases.

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Osteoporotic bones become porous like a sponge, which is a result of a significant reduction in their strength. In physical terms, this process can be described as a decrease in bone density. The density of human bones increases up to25-30 years, reaching its peak by 30-35 years. After this, the reverse process starts, and bone density begins to decrease. This process depends on many factors.

Osteoporosis is a condition of the body, in which the bones lose calcium and become fragile and less dense. As a result, at the slightest injury, they are easily deformed or broken. Why is this happening? The most common myth states that osteoporosis develops in cases when people do not get enough calcium from food. In fact, you can eat calcium day and night and do not get anything but salt metabolism disorders and the possible formation of kidney stones. Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones poorly absorb calcium, even if you are eating it in excess. This may be due to several important reasons.

Bone density depends on the number of certain hormones in the body; in the first place, it depends on sex. In a man’s body, the amount of testosterone is greater than in women’s, so males bone is initially thicker and stronger than females. That is why men are much less likely to suffer from the effects of osteoporosis. The complexion of a person depends on hormonal levels and metabolism. Tall and thin people are more prone to osteoporosis than stocky build and medium height men. With the onset of menopause, we can see a significant reduction in the level of sex hormones in women’s body; as a result, we see a quick improvement in osteoporosis. After menopause, about half of the women lose 1-2% of their bone mass per year.

If we will deprive a person of mobility for a year, during this time the skeleton will lose 50% of its strength. Movement is a factor that determines the strength of bones. The signs of osteoporosis can be found in a growing number of people because of lack of physical activity in at this age.

Diseases, which contribute to the development of osteoporosis: diabetes, diseases of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, chronic renal or hepatic failure, malabsorption syndrome in the gut. The patients, suffering from bronchial asthma and rheumatoid arthritis (in patients receiving glucocorticoids), and also people receiving long-term anticonvulsants, diuretics and anticoagulants, are also at high risk.

Vitamin D is synthesized in the human body independently, under the influence of sunlight, or enters the body with products such as fish liver oil, butter, eggs, liver and milk. Vitamin D is involved in the regulation of calcium absorption in the intestine and the mechanism of bone formation. Accordingly, the lack of sunlight or the lack of the above products in the diet increases the risk of osteoporosis.

In fact, osteoporosis is manifested mild symptoms with almost no complaints, very often the disease is detected only in the presence of fractures. Such a feature of the disease has given scientists a reason to call osteoporosis “silent epidemic”. Among other telltale signs of the disease are: senile slouch (hump), nocturnal leg cramps, fatigue, gum, nail brittleness and premature graying. Although the presence of these symptoms is not one hundred percent confirmation of the diagnosis, it still allows you to determine the range of studies needed to refine it.

The most objective result with suspected osteoporosis can be obtained after the study on a special machine for measuring bone density - densitometer. Densitometry allows you to define the bone density with accuracy of 1-5%. The lower the density of the bone is, the more X-rays passes through the bone and into the measuring device. Irradiation in this method is minimum – it is ten times lower than conventional radiography. And yet, blood chemistry test has to be done for the selection of drugs, which can show us the blood levels of calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase.

In order to fight osteoporosis many of the techniques are used and they can be conditionally divided into two fully compatible and complementary groups: medication and a healthy lifestyle, by which is meant a reasonable physical activity (gymnastics), dose-exposure to the sun and massages.

For example, with regular gymnastics classes 3-4 times a week for 30-40 minutes, you can increase your bone mass by 3-5% in the first few months. The complex gymnastic specialist must help you to pick exercises, to suit your features and possibilities.

Massages increase the effect of gymnastic classes, for better circulation and pumping of the back muscles: especially good in this sense are both manual and vacuum massage. However, we must be careful to avoid bone injuries.

The ratio of dietary calcium and phosphorus has its effect on bone strength: the amount of calcium should be two times higher than the amount of phosphorus. In addition, for the full absorption of calcium, there should be more, boron, zinc, manganese, magnesium, copper, vitamins C, B6, K and folic acid in the diet, as well as certain proteins and fats that contribute to the absorption of vitamin D. Correctly composed diet that contains all the necessary components, can seriously reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

The menu of the person, susceptible to osteoporosis, should include the following products:

Milk products (preferably low-fat), which contain the optimum ratio of calcium and phosphorus. In addition, fat hampers the absorption of calcium, so reduced-fat dairy products are preferred.

You should eat many fresh vegetables and fruits, especially all kinds of cabbage, carrots, and turnips. Besides calcium, they contain all the support groups of microelements, necessary for full absorption of calcium.

Legumes, nuts, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, vegetable oils contain proteins and fats needed to strengthen the bones and help the absorption of vitamin D.

Osteoporosis drug therapy has come to a sufficiently high level in recent years, through the efforts of pharmaceutical companies conducting active research in this area. The choice of drugs is so great that we cannot cover them all, but one of them, however, is worth mentioning - Miacalcic nasal spray. The systematic use of this drug prevents the destruction of bones increases bone density and reduces the risk of fractures.

As already mentioned above, calcium supplements should not always be consumed. First of all, you need to take medicine to help your body to absorb calcium or inhibit the process of withdrawal of calcium from the bones. The development of new drugs that fight against osteoporosis is going on. New medicine appears on the pharmacological market regularly, but, nevertheless, there is no substitute for a healthy, active lifestyle, proper diet, and exercise.

So, if you are over 50, you are concerned about a slight pain in the back and are prone to osteoporosis, do not put off going to the doctor and take care of your health in advance.

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