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The proof for existence of God from philosophical, religious or scientific point of view is a very healthy discourse. In this paper, various proofs for existence of God are highlighted with a critical examination of the foundation of the universe. In addition to this, the question of morality against atheism and the possibility of reconciling the good God and the evil world are also analyzed. This work also critically considers the interrelationship between religion and science as well as the omniscience nature of God against man’s free will. The last section of the work gives a logical rationale for atheism.

Arguments for Existence of God

Various scholars of philosophy of religion have come up with various propositions to justify the existence of God. Though such theories are numerous and diverse, there are four arguments that are most popular. These include ontological, first cause, creation design and moral arguments (Davies, 2008). Ontological argument was the first purported proof of the existence of God and was propagated by St. Anselm, an eleventh century philosopher, theologian and archbishop of the Canterbury. This theorist believed that once an individual mentally grasps the concept of God, it can be seen clearly that God’s nonexistence is impossible (Davies, 2008).

The second proof is known as the first cause or cosmological argument. This theory suggests that every thing that exists must have come from a source and that nothing comes from nothing. It therefore indicates that since the universe exists, there must have been a creator that transcends time, not limited to age or space and has neither beginning nor end. Such a source of nature can only be God (Davies, 2008).

The third proof is known as the teleological argument or argument from design. This theory tends presupposes that existence of God is related to the fact that the universe is designed in a manner that ensures consistency in flow of events governed by interrelations of various forces of nature. Though atheists have always argued that existence is by chance, the order of natural happenings cannot be by accident. There must be a supernatural being (God) that commands the flow of events, balances forces of nature and also takes special interest in humanity to whom he has given ability to think and reason (Boa, 2006).  From the cosmological and teleological arguments, God is perceived to be the source, sustainer and the architect of the universe and all the forces that operate beyond human control (Davies, 2008).

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The forth proposition famously described as moral argument suggests that moral laws can only exist as a command from an authoritative being whose power is above that of his subjects. Being that moral commands exists in every human society and are expected to be obeyed by all beings, they can only emanate from a supernatural being that transcends all human authority and only God can be that being (Davies, 2008).

The cause theory is perceived to be the strongest paradigm on creation. As these theorists argue, it has been established that creation demands a creator (Barbour, 2000). Furthermore, even the scientific theorists such as evolutionists tend to lean towards the first cause theory. For instance, evolutionists explain that life begun from a simple inanimate material that evolved into more complex life forms as revealed in plants and animals yet the theory does not account for the causer of this evolution. This suggests that scientific explanation about the cause of events may end up giving credit to a God as the first cause of existence.

Concept of Morality, Evil and God

In view of interrelationship between morality and belief in God, it is clear that one can be moral even without necessarily believing in God. For instance, certain world religions such as Buddhism do not demonstrate belief in God or gods, yet have sound moral teachings that govern their communities. Besides this, moral values are universal to entire humanity even among the atheists. Belief in God is therefore one of the foundations for morality, but not the only source (Edward, 2005).

The existence of evil in the world is perhaps one of the most puzzling arguments that have been used to critique the belief that God is the source of all things. Being that God is the creator of existence, he must also be the creator of evil therefore he is evil (Edward, 2005).The complexity of this matter is experienced when an attempt is made to reconcile the God who is religiously believed to be pure, perfect and good in relation to the same God who could have created evil. In reaction to this, God’s perfect and good nature can not be questioned. However, existence of evil might be justified that it is a creation of God as an effort to counter human distortion to his (God’s) good image. He therefore created evil to define and defend good since without evil, goodness lacks its full meaning.

Interrelationship between Science and Religion

Science and religion are two different disciplines yet tend to maintain certain levels of relationship rather than conflict. Science is the study of nature, its forces and processes that is based on experimentation, empirical analysis leading to drawn conclusions (Barbour, 2000). Religion on the other hand deals with matters of faith. Religious knowledge is based on revelation, which is either transmitted from generation to generation through oral tradition or recorded sacred texts (Barbour, 2000).

A comparison between the two reveals, religion is based on faith while science is based on facts. Whoever, the two have more overlaps hence conflicts may only arise due to misunderstanding (Sacks, 2012). For instance, both religion and science are exercised by humanity as an attempt to understand the same universe. The two are therefore not enemies, but positive attempts to describe and shed light upon the same reality in a complementary way. Each methodology achieves this in a peculiar manner that the other can not do.

Reconciliation of God’s Omniscience and Man’s Free Will

This argument is based on the belief that god is an all knowing being who predestines the fate of all events. This implies that regardless of human motivation and decision, they have no power to alter the future that has already been written by God (Edward, 2005). Even when man has the ability to use his free will to make changes, it is still purported that such changes are already known by God. To reconcile the two, one has to believe that God is in charge of the events and that any alteration can only be done within the knowledge of God.

Rationale for Atheism

Atheism is the belief in nonexistence of God. Atheists justify their claim by arguing that the existence of the name God is not proof enough to justify his presence. Such a name could only be a creation in the mind that just like monster figures, have no reality (Sacks, 2012). Being that God is only perceived to be a spirit whose effects are felt but has no tangible physical figure, he can not exist beyond mere imagination of the mind.


Proof for existence of God is a genuine and healthy exercise. This is presented through various theories, the strongest being the first cause theory. In addition to these, belief in God is not a mandatory requirement for morality in society. Furthermore, science and religion are revealed as complement efforts by humanity to understand their universe. Finally, though atheism is perceived by many as a human error it has a philosophical rationale that can not be totally disputed.

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