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SamplesExploratoryPsychological Adjustments to AgingBuy essay
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Free Example of Psychological Adjustments to Aging Essay

Aging is a biological process of a gradual degradation of all body parts and systems. An essential role in the process of adding is played by psychological, social and economic effects. Aging is the process of the termination of a human development. According to the international classification, an aging period starts at the age of 55-60.  

A social status of each age group and its influence on a society are closely connected to the economic efficiency of this group. In agrarian societies, elderly people have the high status and are the object of attention. Their life experience and knowledge are highly appreciated, especially in preliterate societies where knowledge is transferred orally. The need for this knowledge allows elderly people to continue to be productive members of the society.

Social and Biological Age

A social age includes imperatives and expectations connected to a biological age. A society can tell a person that he/she “should do this and should not do that”. People constantly fulfill social roles and have got used to perceive each other through social roles. When people do not realize their roles through a prism of their own imaginations, their social expectations happen to fail. Such an image develops at everyone during life: it reflects the experience received in a parental family and social stereotypes.

Intimate relationships are displayed differently at different age periods of life. Certainly, in the course of time the sexual desire considerably dies away, erotic hobbies become more and more rare, and eroticism is condemned more often. Therefore, senior people are ashamed of their feelings; they hesitate to mention this subject in conversations.

There are following stages of people having different expectations:

1. Adolescence (teenage years)

Two main tasks of a teenage age include the achievement of autonomy and formation of identity.

“The only other time in the lifecycle that this kind of brain growth takes place is at adolescence. So, when I say a second adulthood, I’m also saying that we’re literally, hormonally, going through a second adolescence”.

There is a seven-year, simplified life cycle of a human development, much telling about the age of a person. Its “authorship” is attributed to different cultures. However, the only thing is clear - number seven well reflects the age limits: up to 7 - a child; up to 14 - a girl/a boy; up to 21 - a lass/a guy; up to 28 - a fighter; up to 35 - a mother/a father; up to 42 - a wife/a husband; up to 49 - a woman/a man; up to 56 and older - wisdom.

2. Earlier adulthood (21 years old and older)

A new epoch starts at the age of 21. A person studies own inner world; the exterior world becomes interesting. A hunter, a fighter, trying own forces in the real world and interested in everything is a person up to 28. The first successes inspire, the first defeats make a person think them over.

By the age of 28 a person comes with a solid baggage of knowledge. Only by 28 a person approaches the age of mature and fertile motherhood/fatherhood. There is something true in it - only having found own knowledge it is possible to give something essential to following generations. People enjoy happiness of having children and create family hearths by the age of 35. Approaching the following boundary, they find out that there are also other interests.

At the age of 35-42 people update their social status, change a place of work and even a family - the sensation is so immense during this moment that it is necessary to do everything anew and desirably - in the best way; after all, there will be no time to change. By 42-47 people either calm down in own loneliness or are finally assured of their families. To this age, they definitely know who they are and what their social roles are. There are more decent things of life blessings, more sincere forces and possibilities.  

“Physical changes are closely interwoven with psychological changes. Signs of ageing prompt many people to review their lives and some begin to feel dissatisfied with their bodies. Individuals’ own behavioural choices can moderate effects of biological changes. For example, menopausal women who take regular aerobic exercise report more positive moods and less somatic discomfort than non-exercising peers. The reactions and support of partners can also influence women’s experience of menopause”.

3. Later adulthood (50 years old and older).

The dialogue with eternity promises either resetting to momentary interests or living the life of children and grandchildren or original wisdom which finally comes by 56.

Any age psychology, the full life cycle of human development from the beginning to spiritual infinity is, certainly, rather conditional. There can be discrepancies in 2-3 years, and real deviations - when this or that person as if “is stuck” at one stage or is suddenly returned to the previous stage of a cycle. However, any “mismatch” even to the conditional life cycle looks rather unnaturally.

All above-mentioned stages of the human social development of a woman are absolutely different. Social age concerns the direct status of the individual in comparison to cultural norms. At last, the psychological age reflects how much the person is capable to cope with requirements of environment and society. It includes the IQ level, ability to training and motor skills, and also such characteristics, as anxiety, expectations and motives.

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Habits obtained during the whole life have a special impact during the aging period. Smokers have lung diseases which can result in premature deaths. The sexual desire coincides with the end of the reproductive period, but the sexual desire can remain longer than its biological possibilities. Intimate relationships in the senior age may have negative consequences. Habits to have sexual intercource should depend on the state of health and the degree of excitement. Both for women, and for men it can result in a considerable power consumption, big load of heart, a brain, blood vessels and pressure increase.

However, physical activity is the main food for a body in a senior age. It should become a habit whithout which a muscular system is atrophied; it leads not only to awful body forms, but also to hundreds of severe diseases.

A long insufficient muscular activity, causing essential changes at all levels of a body’s activity, can lead to a complex of permanent frustration - to hypokinetic diseases. The attention and memory weaken; there is drowsiness, slackness, insomnia; the general mental activity decreases, the mood falls, appetite worsens, a person becomes irritable. The coordination of movements is gradually broken, there is a stoop, backbone diseases, chronic colitis, hemorrhoids, stones in a gall bladder and kidneys, the tone of muscles and vessels decreases; the active movement well influences a mental component of health.

Code: Sample20

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