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The words ‘God’ or ‘god’ have been in existence since the time immemorial. Indeed, this must be the oldest if not the first word to be used and the first notion formulated by a man. Some societies refer to the God; others may use the god or gods. It depends on the particular belief in any setting. Several philosophers have written much about the existence of God. This could either be in agreement or in disagreement with the same word. Such individuals include personalities like Aquinas, Anslem and Pascal, all of who dwell a lot on the topic of the existence of God or gods.

There have been several attempts made by the religious groups and some philosophers have proved the existence of God. The arguments have originated from all sectors of the religious field, including the issues by Muslims and other major religious groups in the world. Plato and Aristotle have greatly influenced the whole process of religious inclinations in the world. There has been an alarming rise in the number of individuals, relating to the philosophy of religion and that of theology. These proofs are also called theistic. They have been refined and revived in a very presentable form. Some have been in defense repeatedly. The success of these arguments still remains very controversial in one way or other. They are grouped into six major categories, depending on the type and inclination of the argument (Swinburne 78).

Indeed, there are several arguments about the same issue in terms of locality and generality.

These are the Pascal’s Wager, Teleological, Ontological, Cosmological, Moral and the argument based on the religious experience. Pascal’s Wager rests the argument on the self interest rather than the theoretical evidence of the existence of God. It is rational for everyone to believe in God, since it is of our own personal interest to depend on God for our own good and positive existence. These are in support to the consequences of belief and disbelief in the same field. If an individual believes in God, he will inherit the kingdom of God and therefore God exists. The vice versa means that an individual will not receive God’s infinite reward should he or she decline to receive the reward therein.

The ontological argument reveals the existence of God through the things that are very abstract. These things are not real at all. It considers God as a perfect being. It means that God exists. Indeed, a God that exists is greater than a God that does not exist at all. When one speaks of God as a perfect being, he implies that the God surely exists. To say that He does not exist, appears to be very contradictory.

The Cosmological Argument originates from the nature’s point of view. This argument is pegged on the existence of the world and the universe as a whole. It states that the being that brought the universe and all that is in it exists because it has to maintain the existence of the world and the universe as a whole entity. It comes in two different categories. First is the modal that deals with the possibilities and probabilities and the other deals with time and space. Since there was the time when the universe did not exist, one should find some explanation to this theory in life. This is called the argument from contingency. The main cause of the universe must be God and therefore God exists.

The past of the humankind is considered to be finite. There must be a point when the world began to exist. This refers to as the Kalam Cosmological argument. The infinite argument of the past universe in both philosophy and science is indeed very controversial. The universe and all its contents must have begun at some specific point in time. This means that the beginning must have a cause and this must be God. It therefore confirms the doctrine of creation in Christianity (Swinburne 98).

The Teleological argument rests on the order in which the universe was created to provide the being that created it with any place to live, so that He had some specific purpose for the same. The universe is a very complex system and it has a very astounding scale. It has some perplexing natural laws that govern its existence. It is an orderly system that serves a purpose. It provides the conditions, needed for the development and nurturing of life. Since God created life, he must also have been in existence to this very life that He created.

The Moral argument rests on the existence of the natural course of morality in the society. There are two forms of morals discussed in this area: the formal and the perfectionist. According to the formal argument, morality has a divine origin. Since it has some sets of authoritative commands, these commands must have come from the supreme who is God. The perfectionist form simply sets a problem to the society. He cannot require from the individuals anything that is too much for them to give or provide.

Code: Sample20

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