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Music has undergone through a series of revolutions in its history (Einstein, 1989). However, western music had two eras in its development: the classical period and the romantic era. The classical era was shorter than the romantic one, but the later borrowed many techniques from the earlier. However, there came a time when the romantic era deviated entirely from the classical since it was a move towards civilization development. Industrialization enabled the production of better musical instruments, which made the music livelier than before. The music industry is famous for its musicians, who introduced innovative ideas into music hence making the music unique regarding time advancement.

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Mahler, Strauss, Debussy. Mahler, Strauss, and Debussy were contemporaries but specialized in producing different types of music. A classical era came before the Romantic era with the history of transformation targeting to eliminate the Baroque style in the music (Brown, 2002). The classical era recognized symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and operas as forms of writing songs. Classical and romantic music differed in terms of perceptions towards the rules. Classical music composers were more concerned about the forms, melodies, and harmonies. On the other hand, romantic music recognized boundaries of exploration, testing and defiance of classical rules. Mahler, Strauss, and Debussy wrote their music in the Romantic era. Notably, the Romantic era had two approaches, namely conservative and non-conservative. Mahler used the conservative approach in his music composition. The Conservative approach entailed the incorporation of classicality, thus making Mahler’s symphonic works classical-romantic. Mahler used this approach to preserve cultural concurrency and make music too appealing (Carner, 1940). Debussy was a French citizen, who composed works possessing the nature of impressionist painting.  The style of painting had a close connection to the Claude and Pierre paintings. Debussy disliked the songs done by other Romanticism’s artists and introduced new musical language. Debussy’s music composition acted as a curtain-raiser for the modern music. Strauss considered employing more techniques in order to uphold Romantic method. He tried to push away from the classic method. Richard Strauss emphasized on the importance of unity between new trends and tradition.

Beethoven. Beethoven created his musical compositions in the Romantic and Classical period. The two periods linked the 18th and 19th centuries and many song composers struggled to improve the nature of music. Beethoven interests shifted to the Romantic song composition due to the short duration of the Classical period. He considered the reason of loss in popularity of his songs was a shift from classical music to romantic music. This could reinstate him to his former position in terms of popularity. The transition was hectic in the first period, but later he became well versed with the Romantic song composition. Innovation and dedication enabled Beethoven to compose romantic songs and became famous in the world of music (Einstein, 1989). The German composer influenced the other Romantic song composers and made much of their work revolve around the strategies employed in his songs. Beethoven’s musical compositions occurred during the time of the industrial revolution. His efforts to improve the music received a significant boost by the development of different, improved musical instruments. Pianos and guitars became important instruments accompanying musical compositions.

Beethoven composed both classical and romantic songs, however, many controversies have arisen. Some scholars consider him a Classical composer while others term him as a Romantic composer (Maynard, 1979). Arguably, Beethoven’s main objective was to expand traditional form of song composition and harmonic application. He made improvements on the classical method to make his songs more understandable. The complexity of the classical songs hindered individuals from comprehending the objectives of the songs (Nicholas, 1991). Individuals have an easy time contemplating the objectives of romantic songs due to the structure. His songs had longer symphonies than the traditional ones from Franz Josef and Mozart. Beethoven also changed the sonata. The intense elaboration occurred in the development section (Kenneth, 1998). Elaboration at this stage captured the attention of the listener. He influenced other song composers through the piano sonata. Beethoven wrote nine Symphonies in his lifetime.

Beethoven is a Romantic song composer since he worked for a longer time in the Romantic era. Beethoven’s music depended on contrast of the opposite (William, 1983). Romantic composition improved contrasts through chromaticism. The transition of music composition from classical to romantic occurred gradually. Hence, Beethoven gathered new ideas to ensure he composed better songs.

Beethoven should be considered a Romantic composer. Where Classicism imitates, idealizes nature, and requires composers to use all the rules defining it, Romanticism tends to defy these laws (Ralph, 1934). Beethoven’s song compositions defied some rules and tried to introduce new ideas. People argue that Beethoven did not opt for the idea of basing composition from nature. Beethoven could not fit as the classical song composer due to the principles that guided him.

Moonlight Sonata and easy piano song composition by Beethoven occurred in the Classical and Romantic periods. He improved version of the songs through combination or general improvement on the songs. A Song derived from moonlight and Sonata compositions include moonlight sonata-1st movement-Easy piano (Wayne, 1999). Beethoven inspired other writers like Franz Liszt in the composition of the songs.

Music entertains and informs listeners hence it forms an essential part of the culture. Songs should be improved in order to avoid monotony. Beethoven can be termed as the father of Romantic songs. Romantic songs played a significant role in the development of modern songs composition. Therefore, the current generation should also improve the nature of the songs to make them livelier and informing.

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