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Custom History of South Asia Essay

India is a very diverse country, where one can find different traditions, beliefs, lifestyles and languages. For a very long time India was under the control of different colonial powers, and in 1947 India became independent. The development of India has changed significantly after that. India was an agricultural country before independence, and even now it ranks second worldwide in agricultural output, though it also became an urbanized, industrialized country (India-Development Since Independence and Future Sustainability).

Independence brought both positive and negative effects. Negative effects include poverty and environmental damage. For example, farmers in India earn less than $2 per day growing rice. India is the third poorest country in the world. In 2005, 42% of the Indian population was below the international poverty line. Many people die before they are 30, because the health care system does not function properly (India-Development Since Independence and Future Sustainability).

According to Amartya Sen, the death rate in India is higher for women than for men, because women are neglected and do not get an appropriate medical help. Though in Kerala, the life expectancy of women is higher than men’s life expectancy. Females are more educated there, and medical care is available to them. Amartya Sen gives credit for this to “left-wing governments”, and says that “women are better off in Kerala because they are part of a struggle that benefits the whole population”.

 One of the pressing problems in India is water pollution. It results from poor sewerage in urban areas. For example, rivers are used as open sewers and garbage dumps, and people drink from these rivers and bathe in them. As a result, people get different diseases. For instance, the river Ganges is considered to be one of the world’s dirtiest rivers, but 2 million people bathe in it due to some Hindi beliefs (India-Development Since Independence and Future Sustainability).

It is supposed that Indian government takes care of its people, but it is hardly so, as Roy Arundhati states. According to the Central Water Commission, there are three thousand six hundred dams, which are considered to be big dams, and three thousand three hundred of them were built after independence. Despite these numbers, two hundred million people do not have clear water to drink, and six hundred million people do not have even basic sanitation.

Due to dam projects, there are many displaced people in India. There were accidents when displaced people were selling their babies to foreign adoption agencies; the government intervened, babies were put in public hospitals, and six of them died of neglect. And what is more disturbing, is that there is no National Rehabilitation Policy. The government provides displaced people with cash compensation only. One can see how people are protected from different accidents.

There are also some positive changes in India after independence. Before independence, people did not have a lot of things. For example, people had to wait for a very long time to get a two-wheeled vehicle, a scooter, or a telephone. People had to wait half the day to make a long-distance call. After the independence, life became easier for people, and different devices became available to them. The author of The Argumentative Indian thinks that the globalization only harmed people.

Summing all the above said, I would like to say that independence of India brought some advantages, but there are also many different problems, which have to be solved. These primarily include poverty and environment pollution. The government should create and implement different programs to reduce the number of poor people, encourage them to build environmental resources, and expand the natural asset base of the poor (India-Development Since Independence and Future Sustainability).

Custom History of South Asia Essay

Code: Sample20

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