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The law totally negated the intended impact by its sponsors, the congress and the president. They ignored the available statistics and presumed the past will be restored. The legislation was chiefly responsible for the uncontrolled immigration of non refugees in the 20th century into the US. In 1980, they replaced the seventh preference for refugees by a comprehensive legislation which expanded the quotas for refugees. They had an aim of encouraging US citizens to sponsor their other family members as new immigrants. However the plan did not work as presumed. The immigration Act has in big way led to the rising ethnic levels in many urban places like New York, Los Angeles, and other existing or emerging areas. It has also led to economic decline in these cities as a result of the Asian immigrant owners and workers. In post-Immigration Act of 1965, Asian immigrants have attained educational and professional knowhow. The Asian immigrants have also led to occasional tensions as old-time US residents accuse the immigrant Asians of trying to exploit their communities. The immigrants have considerably contributed to the economies of the Asians in the US and the entire Asian American population. Therefore, the Immigration Act of 1965 has divergent significance. The effects of the passage of the bill are negative. Although the intention was to enforce American rights and affirm Americas democratic stand on equality, what transpired was no positive. The congress and the president assumed some facts and data. In the light of correcting an injustice to the Portuguese and Italians, the American administration committed a serious blunder in increasing the numerical ceiling of the immigrants and creating so many non refugees preference immigrant. They also opened doors for many refugees.

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This led to an influx of immigrants in the US which was coupled with negative effects. It has led to massive ethnicity in the urban areas like New York. This can further lead to conflicts and violence .The effect of the many Asian immigrants declined the economies of the urban areas. The rising tensions between the old-American residents and the Asians are characterized by conflicts which is a negative effect. The fact that the bill was not popular to the public and was highly criticized by the scholars, affirms its negativity. It is also recorded that the bill worked completely against their assumptions. The influx also led to unemployment in the US and increased racial discrimination.

In my own view, the Immigration Act of 1965 did not accomplish its intended purpose. The Act was purposed to eliminate the eminent discrimination of immigration on the Italians and the others as qualified in the Immigration Act of 1924 and later amended in the Immigration Act of 1952. It was supposed to eliminate the skill-based policy in favor of family-based policy on immigration. It aimed at maintaining the admission standards and levels of employment in the US. However this was not realized as by the 20th century there were a huge number of immigrants in the US both refugees and non refugees. Many people took advantage of the loopholes in the many preferences created to come to the US in search of opportunities. The conflicts, ethnicity, discrimination, declined economy and the rising tensions as analyzed above are not part of what the Act was intended. It is quoted that the law did not act as intend by the US administration (Asian nation, 2010; Center for immigration studies, 1995;, 2008).


The Immigration Act of 1965 has come a long way towards its enactment and implementation. It evolved from the Immigration Act of 1924 which was later amended in the Immigration Act of 1952. Before 1920’s Immigration was regulated by the policies of the National Origins systems and there were no restrictions to any body wishing to stay at the US. However the upsurge in the number of immigrants led to criticism and the sub sequent proposals, bills and later legislations to control immigration in the US. This culminated in the enactment of the Immigration Act of 1965. The path to the enactment of this law was marred by challenges from the democrats and scholars. Even the republicans who supported the bill did it for their personal interest and others did not know the impact including President Johnson. The main aim of the legislation was to correct the discrimination in immigration policies. However, the administration overlooked and assumed some logistics which led to the negative impact of the legislation. It abolished the national origin policy and gave priority to family reunification. It conclusively led to conflicts, over immigration, decline in the economy and more so, discrimination and ethnicity. The Immigration Act of 1965 was significant in many ways but it was also crafted with many loopholes and hence negative. It should be amended to improve its relevance and effectiveness.

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