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Margaret Thatcher was the first woman Prime Minister in Britain in the 20th century. She’s however known to have served longer than any other Prime Minister. During her ministry she initiated some economical changes that that ended Britain’s existing system of government. The existing government by then used to provide free services to the people. Her governance came to be referred to as the Thatcher Revolution.

She became a lawyer after studying chemistry at OxfordUniversity, later on to be elected to parliament in 1959. She held a conservative position where she held a junior ministerial post between 1961 to 1964 and later in 1970-1974 she served as secretary of state for Education and science in Edward Heath’s cabinet. She was elected as first woman leader in 1975 after the conservative party was defeated twice in general elections.

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Later on she became prime minister after leading the party into electro victory in 1979. During this time her pledge was to reduce trade unions and fight off inflation. Her economic policy lend to the introduction of a wide range of changes along market lines. Her efforts to combat inflation succeeded after reducing government expenses and taxes for citizens with a high income. After the war the unemployment rose to a greater level although the economic output still changed.

Not only was she a friend of Ronald Reagan, but she equally disagreed with him in regard to communism. Her second government had by then privatized national industries and utilities including the country’s Gas and Telecommunication, she also forced coal miners to resume work after failing to unite with them in the strike. In the year 1980, she allowed US to keep nuclear cruise in Britain and also to use its air bases in bombing Libya in 1986. It was in the year 1985 that she put an effort into making a Historic accord with Ireland, giving it a consulting role in governing North Ireland.

Still on the party’s victory, come the year 1987 the party rose again to a consecutive electoral victory, although with a minority this time. Her proposals were; free market changes to the National Health and Education system and also an introduction to poll tax to pay for the local government. However, this was not taken positively. She was seen without compassion for the poor. Things went from bad to worse after her refusal to support a common European currency and integrated economic policies which led to the resignation of her treasury minister in 1989 and her deputy prime minister later in 1990.

However there were issues that immerged over poll tax in 1990 and also over European integration. This altogether led to a leadership challenge. She resigned as prime minister and was succeeded by John Major. She later retired from the House of Commons in 1992. (Columbia electronic encyclopedia 6th ed. 2009)

Thatcher’s objective in writing this volume can be traced before she became prime minister in 1979 and several years later. Her great concern was to bring out how the existing government would have manipulated the British people initiative.” free enterprise and competition are the engines of prosperity’’ (Margaret Thatcher) this was her passionate belief. In all this her fear was mostly expressed if her party or the government failed to respond after her struggle to bring the nation up to its feet. During her time as prime minister she made a remarkable success by Challenging Edward Heath in 1975 and winning. This however came with a lot of speculation from the media the older leaders in London, because by there they dint have greater regard for women. In other words there existed what can be referred to as gender sensitivity. Her book tries to bring out how she ruled Britain during her time in office, however during this time when she was prime minister her counterparts and members of other parties felt dominated over by her ruling. She was an iron lady who even sought to stop cabinet debate and tried to impose a president-style system. This is clearly shown in the volume with all the accusations from the senior party colleagues.

It can also be argued that the book also tries to equalize genders and bring out women as leaders in comparison to men. Still on the book there’s more covered on leadership style than her outstanding features as a woman. Her biography sets in as a young girl who grew up in a small town being raised by a grocer. While growing up, she witnessed a lot of evil deeds such as Socialism existing in her own country and bringing it down slowly. Her passion and strong urge to bring the country to its feet again is Cleary brought out in this volume clearly illustrating how she forced the country to become economical and politically powerful again. Her vision is quoted as ‘’ Making the country as a free classless Britain’’ These were her words of power that drove her enthusiasm to 10 Downing street and embarking on policies that encouraged hard work and self reliance.

Its seen how she fought the collapsing power of trade unions by imposing restrictive legislation, part of what lend to her remarkable leadership and is now seen as her initiative to bringing the country back to its feet. Also in her control over money supply, industry deregulation, building of a free market and encouraging foreign investment. She also cut income tax from 33% to 25% this clearly indicates how she believed in personal wealth and also her will to drive away poverty in the country. The higher rate of income tax was also reduced from 83% to 40%. The move is seen to have lend to what is known as Thatcherism, deriving from her name, or in other words The Thatcher Revolution. This is evident from her outstanding policies that lend the country upside down. The volume recognizes, and appreciates her eleven and half years as the British leader and her remarkable developments and achievement. This is evident as to why she’s ranked along Winston Churchill as the greatest Prime Ministers in the 20th century.

Thatcher has used both primary and secondary sources in writing this volume. Primary sources refers to the information derived from the initiator of the book or information material  or else information that is not filtered from any other source or written material. Some of the primary sources she uses are well indicated herein;

  • Clark, Alan. Mrs. Thatcher’s Minister: The Private Dairies of Alan Clark. (1994). 421 pp.
  • Thatcher, Margaret. The Path to Power (1995); the Downing Street Years. ( 1993). 914 pp.,

These are the two most referred to primary sources; this clearly illustrates the work of Thatcher herself.

However she has also sought some relevant information from various secondary sources. Secondary sources are those materials used in compiling the volume by sourcing useful information from them. Some of the secondary materials used by Thatcher are from many different authors, just to mention a few;

  • Morgan, K.O. The Peoples Peace: British History, 1945-90 (1990) Survey by a leading scholar
  • Moon, Jeremy. Innovative Leadership in Democracy: Policy Change under Thatcher. (1993). 157 pp.
  • Kavanagh, Dennis, and Anthony Seldon, Eds. The Thatcher Effect (1989), major interpretive essays by experts
  • Wapshott, Nicholas. Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher: A political Marriage. (2007) 329 pp.

The above are some of the few secondary and primary sources that are used in Margaret Thatcher’s Revolution. More of this may be seen by visiting and viewing Margaret Thatcher’s Bibliography site.

The book brings out the 11 yrs of Margaret Thatcher as prime Minister in Britain. It gives detailed information during her time and well illustrates how she declined what had been established by the Atlee Government and subsequent ones. By when she left the office in 1990, Britain was stable and different in terms of social and political views. The book illustrates well how she achieved all this during her period of governance. The book also proves how the important changes made by Thatcher were not fully retained by her successors. Despite higher unemployment rate and worse economic conditions than when she came to office, the book argues that her policies attracted much support from the Britons, and more importantly in how she set the trend of British politics and society from 1980s. (Modern British History by Joseph Sramek), Margaret Thatcher’s Revolution 1979.

The book solves the mystery of trying to bring out the recent Britain evolution. It gives credit to Margaret Thatcher charismatic leadership as the most outstanding leader in several areas. She being the first woman Prime Minister in Britain, defeating his opponents such as James Callaghan Government and many others is truly worth of making a remarkable approach to her government. Her strict policies as a lady were the platform that led to the reducing inflation over 20 percent in the 1980s.In her ability to affect all the changes that were seen during her time in governing Britain, she’s set apart from all her contemporary politicians and all other post-Attlee prime Ministers.

To a more personal perspective more credit is owed to her for been an iron lady and standing against all odds to make Britain what it is today.

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