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According to the Ancient Near Eastern chronology, Naram-Sin is considered to be the Akkadians` moon living god. He was a Mesopotamian king and a military leader, who was one of the first to be called as a King of the Four Quarters, i.e. four corners of the universe. According to the research, he earned this status because of numerous military victories. Ancient Near Eastern people believed in many gods and treated their main gods like kings. Using the metaphor of the king, they showed special respect and love to those gods.

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The Victory Stele of Naram-Sin Analysis

This stele of Naram-Sin is in Louvre, Paris. It shows larger than normal, carved in pink limestone, and illustrates high-quality work. It was found in the contemporary Iranian territory, at the site of Susa. In the 12th century BC, the Elamite king Shutruk-Nahhunte had brought the stele therefrom Babylon. The research shows that this stele was dedicated to depicting the victory of Naram-Sin in the late 24th century BC. The original text, written in Akkadian, confirms that the Akkadian empire has reached its height during that period.

According to the survey, Naram-Sin reigned for thirty-six years, between 2254 and 2218 BC., and this is reflected in the execution of this stele. The unified and dynamic composition of this stele is built around the figure of the sovereign. The march of the Akkadian army depicted its resistance. To the right of a line of trees, one can see defeated enemies. The sculptor put the king in the top position of his masterpiece, to whom Akkadian soldiers` and their enemies` eyes are turned. The composition shows how the king leads his army in the attack.

Bearers, who are wearing tunics with axes and bows, follow Naram-Sin in their march. They are followed by helmeted soldiers. The sculptor shows the figure of the glorified sovereign in the surroundings of the dead and dying enemies, on the contrary, his own army is well-organized and armed. The enemies are believed to be the Lulubi, who was supposed to have lived in Zagros. The stele of Naram-Sin reflects the Agade epoch when kings regarded themselves as divine.

The Formation of the First Political Unit in Mesopotamia

This stele depicts the precise situation of that time: the formation of the first political unit in Mesopotamia. Naram-Sin is depicted as a great victor and a leader of his citizens, who has broadened his empire as any other king before. He also led his army to the new lands. That is why his contemporaries considered him to be the king of the whole world, or so-called “the king of the four regions”.

The present survey suggests that the stele of Naram-Sin is a result of people`s admiration and special treatment of Naram-Sin because of his power. According to the ancient Near Eastern people`s beliefs and concepts of gods, such objects as this stele were considered sacred or taboo. It is worth mentioning that the ancient Near Eastern people`s beliefs and concepts of gods were so various that it is difficult to make any generalizations about them.

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