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While Amir is from a well-to-do family, Hassan is not only from a poor background, but also from the wrong tribe. It would be expected that Amir would significantly enjoy some social privileges due to his family background. However, this does not seem to happen. In fact, his courage earns him the love of everyone, including Amir’s father, who is quite critical of Amir. It is ironical that Amir finds fatherly love in a peasant Rahim Khan, his father’s close friend while Hassan has the royal fatherly love of Baba. On the other hand, the violent incidents that Hassan comes across seem to benefit him rather destroy him. For example, when he meets Assef who beats him up and rapes him, one would expect that this would make him socially unacceptable and unclean for the royal love of Babu. However, the opposite happens because his courageous act of taking on Assef instead portrays him as a bold and daring character. This threatens Amir who feels that his father may hate him forever if he gets to know about this and thus, he decides to plant on stolen money under Hassan’s mattress, a trick that does not work against Hassan either. 

During the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan, Amir and his father escape to Pakistan and later to the United States. This should have been a chance to have a better life, considering that other families like Hassan’s could not afford to move. In the readers’ opinion, it should have been the point where Amir completely eclipsed his social rival, Hassan. However, once again this fails to materialize as Amir and his father end up as peasants, selling used goods in San Jose. The whole deal ends up a sore one when Baba dies of terminal illness. The favor of Amir’s marriage to a lady from a well-to-do family, Soraya, also turns out full of misfortunes when the two realize that they cannot have children. At the same time, Hassan was living a happy life with his wife with whom they had children. Essentially, what was expected to be a social disadvantage for Hassan actually turns out as an advantage. In fact, it was during the time when he had remained behind in Afghanistan that he realized that he was actually Baba’s son. As for Amir, it was shocking news for him and he had no one to avenge his anger on because Baba was long dead.

The different social paths taken by these two boys, Amir and Hassan, were reminiscent of Baba’s teachings. The prevailing social reality was that the Hazara were inferior people not worth associating with. However, Baba taught the two boys about the value of social tolerance by showing equal respect for both of them regardless of their racial background. In fact, his relationship with the boys was purely based on what they were and not their social background. This is what changed Hassan’s fortune because he had likeable courageousness while Amir was a miserable coward. Baba also taught two boys to only pick what suit them from their culture and that they should not entirely entrap themselves in the cultural expectations. After Baba’s death, Amir shows a rare virtue when he undertakes to save kids from the orphanage. This benevolent act shows that he had learnt the art of giving from his late father who had built the orphanage to give a better life to orphans.

In conclusion, Baba did not just teach the two boys good morals, but he also acted in a morally upright way, thereby unexpectedly causing significant change even in Amir’s behavior.

Code: Sample20

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