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The novel “The Great Gatsby” is rightly considered as one of the most outstanding literary achievement of the American social novels in the XX century. The present book written by Scoot Fitzgerald is widely known among the worldwide readers as the marvelous American Novel. The events described in the novel take place in Long Island, New York during the 1920s when a Prohibition Law was in force. The chain of events is developed upon the dynamic social relationships between wealthy, affluent and poor people in the Long Island area and their various interconnections with a mysterious Mr. Gatsby.

“The Great Gatsby” has a social character, where the author tends to emphasize a dramatic distinction between the social classes. For this very reason, he brings certain episodes within the story frame to highlight primarily negative features of the characters. We speak about the parties which were organized, first, by Myrtle Wilson in New York and the second one in Mr. Gatsby’s garden. These scenes serve for purposeful comparison to how the upper and middle class inhabitants spend any chance to entertain their meaningless existence on the Earth. New York’s party was initiated by Tom Buchanan and Myrtle Wilson, his mistress, in a small stuffy apartment which belonged to Myrtle’s sister. The interior of the lodgings was depressive, impoverished, and even suffocating “the apartment was on the top floor—a small living room, a small dining room, a small bedroom and a bath”. Nevertheless, it was not an obstacle for inviting other people to join their party. If to judge the content of their conversations, it is completely devoid of any sense and logic. All their discussions or exchange remarks mixed with alcohol let us make a conclusion that life of those people was useless, pointless, and without any ideas or dreams. These representatives of the middle class brightly demonstrate total immorality, hollowness and spiritual poverty. Moreover, each their statement reveals their unreasonable, senseless and measurable living. One guest comes to the party with “a white spot of lather on his cheekbone”, then we see his wife boasting “with pride that her husband had photographed her a hundred and twenty-seven times since they had been married”. The guests of Myrtle keep on gossiping, boasting, and sharing their secrets to whomsoever and so on. The entire atmosphere of the scene is absorbed with shallowness and vulgarity.

We can observe an external change in Myrtle “the intense vitality that had been so remarkable in the garage was converted into impressive hauteur” (Fitzgerald).  She starts associating herself with the higher society, revealing her arrogant and imperious behavior towards others. It is obvious from her attitude, words and actions. For example when she speaks about a servant boy who she sent for the mineral water, or when she promised to present her dress to one of the guests. She concludes that “most of these fellas will cheat you every time. All they think of is money”. Blaming the others, she refuses to admit that she is the one of them. Myrtle is a money hunter. She is obsessed with the idea of wealthy and confesses in losing the interest to her husband after divulging "He borrowed somebody's best suit to get married” because he could not afford buying a new one on his own. His financial failure justifies her love affair with Mr. Buchanan in her eyes.

It cannot but be mentioned about a personality of Tom Buchanan, a representative of the nobility. Though he can boast with his luxurious, wealthy, and cloudless life, he is portrayed as an arrogant, careless, cold-blooded, brutal and indifferent person. In spite of his devotion to the upper society, his life is also saturated with shameful deceit, disgusting shallow and senseless co-existence. He bits his mistress without caring either her feeling or his reputation. He simply ignores everybody except himself. In his mind, these people do not have a right to have their own judgments, although they do not show up too much care or anxiety because of such act of violence. This scene shows more common than different traits between Tom and the people that surround him at this party in spite of his high-class breed.

The second party takes place at Gatsby’s mansion (chapter III). Before the occasion Nick Carraway, the narrator of the novel, describes the gorgeous, twinkling parties in Gatsby’s garden. Here, he observes careful, scrupulous and elaborate preparations to them “On buffet tables, garnished with glistening hors-d’oeuvre, spiced baked hams crowded against salads of harlequin designs and pastry pigs and turkeys bewitched to a dark gold” (Fitzgerald, p.44). He pays attention to arrival of the orchestra making the accent that it is not an ordinary cheap band but “a whole pitiful of oboes and trombones and saxophones and viols and cornets and piccolos and low and high drums”. The host of the mansion deliberately throws his money away for making the party the most generous, delicious, and cheerful. The party, irrespectively of its senselessness, is prepared without any urgency and spontaneity. We cannot say the same about Myrtle’s gathering. On the contrary, at Gatsby’s balls every small detail is taken into account for further pleasing and entertaining the unknown guests. The readers are greatly impressed with the scope of Gatsby’s parties, but it remains beyond their comprehension what purpose Gatsby pursues. As regards the guests, they are totally indifferent to this matter.

Throughout the entire chapter, it is rather strange to testify that practically none of the guests personally knows Mr. Gatsby. Various strangers come to him with “simplicity of heart that was its own ticket of admission” just for having a good time. Their behavior is not restricted with any moral or cultural barriers as far as it is not within their breeding. They feel absolutely free conducting “according to the rules of behavior associated with amusement parks”. Moreover, instead of being grateful to the welcoming host of the party, they keep on gossiping about Gatsby, his roots, and the origin of his crazy prosperity. Somebody whispers “he killed a man once”, somebody argues “it’s more that he was a German spy during the war” and other contradictory and extravagant theories on Gatsby’s nature. All these assumptions, after all, did not have any slightest confirmation or grounds. But the talks of this kind reveal a true nature of the visitors themselves: it vividly demonstrates their emptiness of soul, ill-mannered and provinciality of their thought. Everybody considers himself/herself as an arbitrary, but none of them disapproves his own position. Gatsby is silently accused in different crimes he has not committed, and such accusation, sounded from the middle class, bounders with a badly-hidden envy to his luxury and good luck.

It is not possible to bypass the scene where Nick together with Jordan Baker searching for Mr. Gatsby comes across with “a stout, middle-aged man with enormous owl-eyed spectacles” who is so frankly astonished to see real books full of real pages in the library. He says like he has made an incredible discovery about it. “Absolutely real—have pages and everything. I thought they’d be a nice durable cardboard”. This simple and anecdotic scene with the drunk, deeply surprised man symbolizes a habit to see fakes in everything. Pretense has become a norm in their lives. Their world is artificial without true feelings. Pretense, deceit, and carelessness are the cocktail they used to gulp every day. The attendants of Gatsby’s house hardly have any differences between the visitors of Myrtle’s apartment. Either in Gatsby’s or at Myrtle’s party everybody wants to spend leisure time free of charge. So-called guests do not feel any tension or obligations, they are free of pangs of remorse or discomfort in regards to the hosts. All these people belong to the lost generation with no moral values, ideals or dreams. It can sound paradoxical, but their existence is full of emptiness, unrestraint, and turbulent joy.

The third scene in the novel has the most contrast to the previous ones is Gatsby’s murder and funerals. We attend the same mansion but now it frightens us with its physical emptiness and silence because of Gatsby’s absence. The enormous house looks abandoned as well as his master. Gatsby was so freehearted, cheerful and kind at least to everybody of his guests. He is completely ignored and erased from their memory. Whether it is East Egg’s inhabitants he was so eager to join or West Egg’s ones whom he did not get tired to gift gaiety, none have any feelings towards him. We mean a bit of compassion, or a bit of sympathy, or a bit of regret, except for Nick Carraway. They simply neglect the funerals and a chance to say the last good-bye to the mysterious Jay Gatsby as a human being. Neither his beloved Daisy honors his funerals, especially being a reason of his sudden death, nor is anybody from the West Egg cared to see him off to the last journey. It is rather depressive and awful.

The author gives a genuine definition to the upper class inhabitants, though it can be related to the middle class “they were careless people, Tom and Daisy—they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, and let other people clean up the mess they had made”. Carelessness was a specific peculiarity of the majority of people at that time.

These lines refresh in one’s mind the picture of a violent act from Tom’s side against Myrtle and at that moment – nobody accused or challenged him. In regards of Daisy, similar attitude is noticed. They feel their superiority and impunity but this example divulges their moral degradation and turpitude.

 Judging from the scenes highlighted in the novel “The Great Gatsby” we can come to the conclusion that the represented American generation of 1920s, irrespectively to which class they belong to, reflects a process of ethic destruction, further mental and moral degradation, without any ideas and ideals to justify their living. Their spiritual poverty, lack of intelligence, lack of real sense in life makes them to dive into insane merry parties.

Code: Sample20

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