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Abstract

The research and studies on embryonic stem cells are significant in development of new strains and other forms of the organisms, human life, and plants. The essay paper gives the type and reproductive benefits of the stem cells in continuation of all forms of life. They play the key roles in replacement of lost cells and damaged ones. Stem cell acts as the basic unit of cell multiplication through multiplication by the processes of mitosis. They are essential in that they are basic units of reproduction or development of new species and generations.

Introduction

The paper points out the processes and stages of multiplication of the stem cells and their benefits in the production of new and adaptive species. Stem cells have the capability to develop into a varied cell types in the plants or human body at the early stages of life growth and reproduction. There are numerous studies on stem cells. They are indispensable in human tissues because they divide rapidly to replace any damaged cells and tissues of an organism. Stem cells studies are critical in maintaining the stability of body tissues and life of the organism. However, there are numerous and rising studies that have brought the ideologies and knowledge on the possibility of dynamics of embryonic stem cells.

Stem cell studies have developed a lot of controversy in the use of ability and specificity of the stem cells. Since the stem cells have the ability to divide independently, they have been use in the medical field. Stem cells divide rapidly and independently thus have the potential and capability of being utilized in medical treatment sphere. It can be used for varied medical conditions in hospitals and research studies. Certain treatment has been effected with stem cells like the physical injuries and trauma. In combination withy the knowledge in biotechnology and gene therapy, which has been used to treat genetic diseases and other degenerative conditions of human health? As the studies continue to explore the use of stem cell technology, it has been successful in the repair of damaged tissues in the body.

Stem cell Division and differentiation

The news on use of stem cells always explores the mature cells for the study. This is because the stem cells have the ability to divide rapidly. They also differentiate to any form of cells in the body. In essence, stem cell technology has helped in the, in the clinical trial of the stem cells of the embryo using human cells. There is arguments and knowledge on stem cell studies where it is believed that the potential multiplication and differentiation of embryonic stem cells is higher as compared to the most of adult stem cells (West 2005). The stem cells have the principle of pluripotency thus capable of becoming any cell type in the human body. Stem cells can be converted to any other cell type in the body because they are pluripotent in nature. This enhances the rapid multiplication and differentiation through mitosis. They are capable of diversity of tissues.

Applications of stem cell technology

The research and use of stem cells are effectively used in the nervous system therapies. This is because there have been enormous work in attempts to separate neural progenitors from the adult cells and tissues of the body. There is the possibility of antigen-antibody interactions thus embryonic stem cells of being rejected by the individual’s immune systems. The patient or individual might not produce such immune response if his or her own stem cells were used. It is then a subject of medical controversy and studies are being undertaken on the issue. Success is being realized with embryonic stem cells in the medical field and therapies (Takahashi et al 2005). There has also an effort of utilizing other forms of stem cells, which are not necessarily the embryonic stem cells. Techniques have been developed for isolating some of the stem cells that are much potency as embryonic cells stem cells. However, this may not necessarily need the human embryo for the deriving of potent stem cells. There has also been a belief in the new knowledge that the cells of the human skin can be coaxed. This is because they de differentiate and revert even to the embryonic state of the cells. There have been attempts to remove the nucleus and other cell contents of the body or somatic cells to the existent embryonic stem cells of human beings (Keirstead et al 2005). This has resulted to the creation of the new lines of the stem cells.

There is also increasing knowledge that the stem cells that are differentiated then reprogrammed and result to state of an embryonic like cells. This can be done through the introduction of certain factors and conditions to effect the reprogramming of these stem cells (Klimanskaya 2005). The phenomenon is thus referred to the induced pluripotent stem cells in the scientific research with the stem cells. There has been the development and utilization of pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, which is used, in the advanced technology of the cells. This has resulted to the successful derivation of the new stem cells lines that are different as compared to the somatic and human embryonic cells. The blastomere in the cell technology is practically extracted from the blastocyst of the original somatic or embryonic stem cells.

Production of new lines of stem cells

There has been a success of producing more and more new lines of stem cells while not destroying the parent embryonic cell structure and composition. They are then referred to as the first human stem cells that were generated without damaging or interfering with an embryo or its cell composition and structure. There has been new information on the fluids that surround the fetus. The fluid that surrounds the fetus then has new stem cells. This can be derived and used as a source of stem cell without any interference with the fetus cell composition. This can be derived and used successfully when the process is undertaken correctly with all necessary conditions and precautions put into considerations. The science advance in stem cell has in this case resulted to the knowledge on the utility of the fluid to produce stem cells. This has changed the therapies and modes of cloning and production of the new stem cell lines. Multiple stem cell lines can in this case be produced with embryonic stem cells or production of new stem cell lines with the derivatives of somatic cells (Lederman 2001). These somatic cells include the cells of the skin and stem cells in the fluid that surround the fetus. The fluid can be used as an important source of producing new stem cell lines. Stem cell technology in this perspective has resulted to the new forms of propagation and multiplication in life and cell diversity.

The new stem cell line from the fluid that surround the fetus can also be differentiated to cells like the fat, muscle, bone, blood vessels and even the liver cells. This can be medical therapy discovery for treating liver diseases and nerve cells, which do not multiply. Stem cells have helped in the therapeutic measures, which result from drug abuse like the nerve cells that do not multiply rapidly can be corrected with the stem cells. This is because alcoholism and other drugs can destroy the nerve cells.

Debates on stem cell research and technology

The advanced cell technology has also elicited controversial debates such that the pro-life movements have reacted to the disturbance of the embryo. This is because the embryo and its contents has the status of human life because the embryo is regarded the early aged human being. Those who oppose the stem cell research have the fundamental argument that the life of a human being is inviolable. Life only results from human sperm cell fertilizing the ova. However, the medical and scientific research argues their points that stem cell research has the possibility of altering the treatment of diseases. It helps in alleviating human suffering associated with such diseases and human impairments. There has been a prospect of treating spinal injuries and Parkinson’s diseases through the stem cell research. Through the technology in stem cell research, other diseases can be treated like multiple sclerosis, diabetes, burns, and heart diseases. There are potentially perceived benefits of the human pluripotent stem cell research, which are quite worthy and compelling to pursue the stem cell technology study as long as ethical considerations of research and human life are put into considerations. The controversial perceptions of the stem cell technology have brought arguments. Even the funding of stem cell research was put on hold by the federal government of the United States.

Conclusion

Embryonic stem cells are essential in the development and treatment of tissues because they divide rapidly to replace any damaged cells and tissues. They also result to the development of new strains of stem cell lines, which treat diseases and repair impaired tissues. Body stem cells have the ability to develop to a variety of new cell types in human bodies at the early stages of life. The division of stem cells is through mitosis, and the process of cell division that occur differently in different organs. Stem cells have unique characteristics that distinguish them from other cells of the body like somatic cells. The variation of opponents and proponents of stem cell research is essential to the continuation and funding of these studies. There are high prospects that certain diseases can be treated with stem cell technologies.

Code: Sample20

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