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Psychological Consideration and Sociological Effects of Genetic Engineering. The greatest controversy concerning the use of biomedical engineering technology, especially in cloning, is the risk posed to the health of the potential babies. According to tests conducted on animals, biomedical babies have a tendency to die during organogenesis in the womb or shortly after birth. Although this is not clearly understood, it has left scientists and various religions wondering whether it is worth trying in the first place if the products do not seem to survive anyway. In some instances, these babies were born with serious birth defects some of which are not compatible with life. Although this technology has not been attempted on humans, the fears are real considering that it is ethically wrong to generate congenital anomalies on potential humans. In addition, clones do not show the genetic plasticity whereby the genetic pattern can be induced to become functional or suppressed to become non-functional like it happens in normal humans. This particular reality has caused fear among scientists with the popular argument that clones that prove to be perfectly normal could later on develop inhuman character, and it would be impossible to correct genetically due to the lack of plasticity of their genetic expression. It is in this regard that fear continues to reign over humans about the potential use of biomedical engineering technology to generate new babies. There is a feeling that there is absolutely no need of trying to generate clones as humans have not lost their natural ability to give birth. In some quarters, the stories of ogres and monsters have given an impression that clones risk being like them and finishing humanity instead of complementing it. The moment one pronounces biomedical engineering in humans, people think straight about abnormal humans wrecking havoc in the world with humans having no control over them, including the scientists who created them. Definitely, there is no proof behind this fear, and there are no facts to support it. However, the fact that all religious books note that humans turned against God shortly after creation gives creates the psychological impression that clones would also turn against man, its scientific creator. Indeed, the fears are justified considering that the world has become so dangerous to the extent that it becomes difficult to trust even the closest buddy. One wonders the level of mistrust that will exist between persons who view themselves as belonging to different worlds and different creators.

The idea of the technology being abused by some world leaders with dictatorial tendencies has also caused the opposition witnessed. There is fear that rebel armies and terror networks could generate super-humans to wage war against humans. For instance, they could identify persons with extraordinary strength and terrorist intent and use his or her genes to produce a whole generation of his kind. This would certainly spell doom to humanity as it would be the obvious target. In history, even long before the emergence of democracy or genetic engineering, some leaders would isolate a group of people that they would keep away from ordinary people and train them till they acquire extraordinary war abilities. It was an exercise that would take decades to achieve because the people involved were themselves opposed to the idea. However, that would not be a problem in a situation where the population involved possesses war traits. Thus, it calls on humans to stay alert and prevent any possibilities of their total elimination from the earth by ruthless and heartless leaders. Indeed, it would not be a problem for the Al Qaeda to use this technology to get a whole generation of people who support and are willing to participate in crimes of terror. This certainly justifies the psychological fears that humans have continued to harbor.

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