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The 6 hour working day, as well as the 8 hour day, was aimed to accomplish several things. It would give the workers more independence from their demanding jobs, reduce unemployment due to the spreading of work among people, give a chance for a full life of workers involving recreation and personal life, and provoke sympathy in general public. 2. The strikes take a role of a political tool used for political bargaining. They also become a community and family events, uniting working class people together. 3. Industrial Disputes Investigation Act is a legislation passed in 1906 that requires investigation of disputes and prohibits stopping the work during this process. The workers, however, engaged in illegal strikes and ignored the Act. 4. The year 1919 has become the highest point of unionism. The union membership reached 378,000 that was the highest figure in Canadian history. 5. During 1917-1920 the solidarity of workers allowed them to achieve unseen results when pushing for their rights. It was visible in the collaboration of different branches throughout the country. 6. The workers started uniting into labor parties and became more politically active. Their role in government increased but they still suffered from fragmentation and ideological differences. 7. Revolution has for its object often a drastic change from one system to the other. In this case, the revolutionary methods would be demolishing the capitalist society in favor of a democratic republic governed by workers. The way of reform is more tolerant of existing system; it rather requires some changes within it. The workers wanted the government to be democratized and the forces of market to be softened. 8. In the period of 1919-1925 the labor movement had become disorganized and submerged in the inner disputes. This allowed companies to get the higher ground again. 9. Lack of consensus between right and left politicians; the nature of the Canadian economy itself, which is very fragmented; difficulties in communication between the participants of the movement; gender and ethnicity differences were all crucial factors that led to the internal fragmentation of the labor movement. 10. One common enemy created were the Bolshevists. It was claimed that the democracy fought for by the workers was endangered by an alien ideology. Another enemy could be the organizations that threatened the tariff structure. The organizations that presented an alternative to unionism, for example the idea of workers and employers living in harmony, put a threat on the unions.

Code: Sample20

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