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In the political arena, women are yet to achieve equality. In the past, women were not voting, nor did they contribute to any political issue. In this case, women as a discourse community used feminism in the political arena to fight for their political rights to have the community listen to their views in the political platform (Butler and Joan 23). Women in the United States are viewed as being close to achieving feminism, but it is not yet clear whether they have fully achieved it. For this reason, many people are asking themselves whether women have been able to achieve equality in politics. Therefore, this paper is aimed at finding out whether feminism has been achieved in the global community, as well as describing methods being used to achieve it.

In traditional societies, women have always been regarded as weaker than and inferior to men. The notion has been around since time immemorial, thus causing women to air their grievances in the political arena. In order to do this, they had to come out in force, as they could make more of an impact than one woman representing (Butler and Joan 33). For this reason, women were creating small movements, which enabled them to meet and discuss political issues affecting them for the purpose of getting public support. These movements slowly gained strength and were later referred to as feministic.

According to historians, feminism arose in as early as the seventeenth century, but political feminism emerged in the eighteenth century. According to many women across the globe, this century is referred to as the year of enlightenment. In this century, women have come together to be able to have a right to vote or be voted for by people in order to represent them. The movement was active the nineteenth century, with demands for equal rights in the political arena and equal opportunities with men (Giesberg 12). Spearheaded by Florence Nightingale, feminist groups have been trying hard to achieve the above goals. However, it was only in the twentieth century that many countries enacted laws guarantying women political rights enjoyed by men.

After these greatest achievements, people all over the world are arguing whether women have achieved equal political rights or not. According the recent statistical data, elected women in the US politics account for less than twenty percent, the only exception being the Senate where their number stands at twenty seven percent (Giesberg 12). In Canada, women hold less than thirty percent of elected political offices. However, according to the global statistics, Rwanda has the highest number of women elected to political office (Giesberg 12). Despite having a higher percentage, women have not yet attained the full fifty percent (Giesberg 12). This shows that women still have a long way to go before they are accepted as true leaders by the society. Additionally, it shows that women voices are barely heard in the making of most important decisions affecting a nation.

In addition, the number of women chosen by political leaders to hold high political offices is low, as compared to that of men. Across the globe, few women are employed to hold positions in the government, too. Despite being qualified to hold the jobs, many women are denied the chance, which means that they do not have equal opportunities with men. Moreover, many governments are not ready to accept women as leaders. Different scholars cite strong cultural values upheld by Muslim communities (Hartman 5). This means that women in these communities are prohibited from exercising their political rights. Additionally, women trying to gain political offices are immediately rejected by the society. Therefore, the above analysis proves the claims of the people arguing that women have not yet achieved political equality.

However, certain people believe that women have achieved political equality with men. Scholars that support this idea state that women have equal voting rights comparable to those of men (Hartman 15). The claim is backed up by the fact that upon attaining voting age women in different countries are able to take part in elections. More so, no instances of women being coerced during elections have ever been reported. Researchers continue to say that even in the Muslim community women have a right to vote for whoever they want to represent them without being harassed (Hartman 11). This alone proves that women have fully attained equal political rights similar to those of men.

Secondly, the same scholars argue that having few women elected or chosen to hold high political seats do not mean there is inequality (Hartman 21). They back up this claim by saying that not many women present themselves as candidates for holding political seats. In this case, the researchers mean that if women are coming forward as leaders to be elected, there is no way they can ever reach the fifty percent mark (Hartman 22). Moreover, they argue that the society is providing women with a political forum where they compete with men on equal terms. No country has laws prohibiting women from vying for political seats. In fact, the scholars say that different governments are encouraging women to continue to pursue political seats to the extent of providing them with protection (Hartman 22). Therefore, women have already achieved political feminism, in spite of what other professionals are trying to argue.

To fight for their rights, women, as a discourse community, have been applying several genres to make their grievances heard by the community. Additionally, women have been using these different genres to educate their fellow women to fight for their rights. The first genre women have been using to fight for political equality is holding of meetings. Meetings are extremely powerful and important for people in the global community, because this is where creation and implantation of strategies take place (Pandey 2006).

According to historians, women began to fight for their political rights by holding meetings in order to come up with strategies they were going to use to gain political equality (Pandey 2006). Initially, the women attending these meetings wanted to educate one another about their political rights and freedoms. They intended to achieve this by going out and informing other women of what they were learning during the meetings, as well as urging them to join the struggle.

Presently, women are continuing to use these meeting to voice their grievances for the purpose of achieving political freedom. The first goal they are trying to achieve is to encourage other women to become involved in politics. Currently, women are noticing that not many of them are presenting themselves as able political leaders who deserve being elected (Pandey 2006). By doing this, they are denying themselves a chance to hold political seats and giving it to men. Women often meet in big hotels or other venues, which they choose to discuss their grievances. In order to encourage one another, women who have succeeded provide resources to the less fortunate women and encourage them to join the struggle. As a result, increasingly more women are becoming interested in going into politics.

Secondly, women are using this genre as an opportunity to educate and support one another in the political arena. According to researchers, many women are illiterate when it comes to their political rights. Most women do not know their political rights because of their social background. For instance, many cultures have been neglecting to offer women their rights to education for centuries (Pandey 2006). For this reason, they are ending up being illiterate and ignorant of their rights. To tackle this problem, literate women who initiate these meetings are opening forums, where they can educate other women by encouraging them to support them in their political ambitions. As a result, their number in the political arena has been increasing.

Another genre women, as a discourse community, are using to achieve political equality in global politics is speeches. Speeches are extremely powerful if they are made at the right moment. According to researchers, speeches are known to move masses of people due to the information delivered by the speaker. Secondly, they have a certain effect on people making them believe the speaker. For this reason, women are taking advantage of this genre to communicate their grievances.

First, women use speeches for voicing their grievances to the public and making themselves heard. In this case, a prominent woman representing a certain group of women in the community will often make speeches in political forums for the purpose of telling the relevant authorities to stop harassing women and create equal political opportunities for them in the global community. Currently, women like Hillary Clinton are taking advantage of their position in the government by making speeches and calling on the government to allow women to have equal opportunities (Pandey 2006). This is causing governments to open up to women and offer them more opportunities to hold leadership positions.

In addition, women are using the genre of speech to educate other women about their political rights. According to statistics, many women have had little or no education, which means that they have not gone to school (Pandey 2006). Instead, they had to stay at home and do household chores, while men were working. For this reason, they are not aware of their political rights and need more educated women to help them fight for their political rights. It is precisely for this reason that the speech genre has been a major contributing factor in educating women about their political rights.

Another way in which women are using the speech genre is through campaigns. In every campaign, politicians must have forums or political rallies where they make speeches to present their platforms and convince a certain group that they are a better choice (Pandey 2006). In this case, women, as a discourse community, have not been left behind. Women vying for political seats or other government positions are using speeches during political rallies to convince women voters to exercise their political right. An excellent example is Mrs. Clinton of America and Margret Thatcher of England (Pandey 2006). These two are widely known for their powerful speeches calling on women to exercise their political rights.

The other genre women are using as a discourse community is television. According to statistics, almost every household in the global community owns a television set. This means that using television as a means of communicating a message to a particular group is strategically important, because it is likely to be heard (Miller 2). For this reason, women are using television as a tool to air their grievances to the relevant authorities in the global community.

The first way they are using television is through advertising. Advertising is creating awareness of a certain issue, commodity or services among certain groups of people in the community (Miller 11). Having this definition, it is easier to understand how women are using television as a tool for airing their grievances. In this case, women are using television to advertise to the community certain activities, such as meetings and forums. As a discourse community, women are using television to call upon other women to attend meetings where they are going to receive formal education about their political rights (Miller 12). This has been extremely successful, because they have been able to reach many women and the attendance of different meetings is enormous.

Secondly, women are using television as a forum for education. To begin with, women need education so that they can follow channels they are not aware of. For this reason, women’s rights activists are using television to reach as many women as they can. An excellent example of this is the Oprah Winfrey show (Miller 8). Apart from discussing issues affecting women, Oprah is using her program to educate women all over the world about their political rights. Women, as a discourse community, believe Oprah,,because she has become an influential figure in the women discourse community. This strategy is working perfectly because many women are seen going to polling stations and casting their votes in support of their fellow women candidates.

Finally, women are using television as a forum for voicing their campaign ambitions. Like all other politicians and government officials, women are taking this opportunity to campaign for winning over voters (Miller 7). As a discourse community, most women are known to stay at home while their men are at work. Therefore, many women tend to watch television more often than men do. As a result, they are going to receive the message being communicated by women candidates running in the election. For this reason, women are turning up to polling stations to exercise their political right and offer support to their women candidates.

Conclusion

According to the above analysis, some experts claim that women, as a discourse community, have never attained political equality, despite having the doors opened for them. To support their argument, they are using statistical data from different countries. However, other experts believe that women have indeed attained political equality. The only problem is that they are not taking full advantage of this opportunity. To educate other women and make their grievances heard, they are using the genres of meeting, speech, television and newspapers.

Code: Sample20

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