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Prisons, jails and juvenile justice systems in the US today have become the principal mental health care facilities. These institutions however do not have the capacity to handle this delicate task. These centers are not designed to offer any kind of treatment. People suffering from mental illnesses are one of the most vulnerable groups with a treatable medical condition and should not be subjected to punitive institutions. Taking the mentally ill to jails and prison does not rectify the condition because they are not the correct institution. This is not only wrong fiscally and clinically but it is also immoral. The treatment offered to the majority of mentally ill people is through criminal and juvenile systems. it is obvious that these people should undergo treatment in hospitals or through specially designed programs. The mentally ill often find themselves in jail and end up serving long jail terms due to bad behavior. In addition to this they may skip necessary medication hence ruining their recovery program. This exacerbates their medical condition making them resistant to medication. The mentally ill may also develop stigma which is normally associated with incarceration.  There is need to shift from incarcerating the mentally ill to providing them with adequate treatment. There are convincing arguments in support for extra funding going towards better mental health management in the first place traumatic stress disorder,

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According to a 2002 report to Congress from the National Commission on Correctional Health Care, on any given day in the state prison systems, between 13.1 and 18.6 percent of the inmates have major depression; between 2.3 and 3.9 percent have schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders; 2.1 to 4.3 percent suffer from bipolar disorder; 22 to 30.1 percent have anxiety disorder; and 6.2 to 11.7 percent have post traumatic stress disorder.

Initiation of new move towards to the way we treat the mentally ill before and after interacting with the criminal justice system can benefit the nation greatly. The mentally ill are capable of benefiting the society after receiving necessary treatment. The benefit is not only economic but also moral. The benefit will trickle down to the society. the current method of handling the mentally ill has significant costs to the nation. Providing access to medication program for the mentally ill will improve the quality of life for the mentally ill and in addition improve safety of the community.

  • Do the mentally ill benefit from incarceration in jails and prisons.
  • Do mentally ill inmates receive adequate care during their stay in jails and prisons?
  • What treatment options are available to the mentally ill who have been involved in crime?

To establish appropriate methods for catering for the mentally ill

  1. To establish the current options that are available for the treatment of mentally ill people
  2. To determine the effectiveness of current treatment and rehabilitative programs available for the mentally ill people.
  3. To establish appropriate treatment methods for the mentally ill people and recommend appropriate improvements on the existing judicial systems.
Code: writers15

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