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Improving the patient safety using health information technologies. There are applicable methods that can be implemented that can lead to the improvement of the safety of the patient and reduce the future occurrence of these medical errors. One of the most influential actions that can be implemented is the introduction of a policy of informed consent of the patient. The patient should access all the information concerning the medical complication that is intended to be treated, the proposed diagnosis and treatment for the condition. The patient may also be allowed to access the opinion of an independent practitioner who has qualifications of a similar capacity. The errors should also be reported in a voluntary manner. The analysis of the root cause of medical errors if conducted properly would help in minimizing the future occurrence of medical errors. The use of electronic as well as paper reminders is also helpful when used properly to help in adherence to the required actions. The accreditation of hospitals may also be conducted (Beuzekom, Boer, Akerboom, & Hudson, 2010).

IOM/QSEN competencies

These can be achieved through the provision of care that is centered to the patient. This involves the recognition of the patient to be the source of control in addition to the full partner in order to achieve the full provision of compassionate together with coordinated care and putting the preferences, values as well as needs of the patient in the forefront. The consideration of the safety of the patient is also an important competence in checking the occurrence of medical errors. The risk of harming the patient should be kept at minimum and this is achieved through effectiveness of the entire system in addition to the improvement of individual performance. The application of quality as well as safety competencies also contributes to the reduction of the instances of medical error (Noord, Bruijne & Twisk, 2010).

Quality improvement is yet another important competency that should be adopted. This has the implication of making use of data in the process of monitoring the results of the processes of care and the use of the methods of improvement for the purpose of designing as well as testing the changes. This leads to the continuous improvement of the quality as well as the safety of the system of health care. The use of informatics is also worth consideration. This involves the use of information as well as technology for the purpose of communication, the management of knowledge, mitigation of possible error as well as supporting the process of decision making (Chikudate, 2009).

The competencies that have the potential to improve patient safety in scenarios of this nature are Patient Centered Care and Teamwork plus Collaboration. There is a tension that is apparent in the midst of the rights of the patient to the imperatives of the organization in matters of provision of professional, the ethical, the cultural awareness as well as the engagement of the patient (Smith & Sherwood, 2007). Teamwork should strive to function in a manner that is more effective and to foster a communication in a manner that is more open, with mutual respect and sharing the process of making decisions towards the achievement of the highest quality care of the patients. Teamwork has a great contribution in the process of decision making in the health care profession.

In order to avoid the occurrence of a similar situation in the future, it would be wise to consider delivery of education with special emphasis on the competencies cited in QSEN. This would call for integrating EHRs as well as the technologies of communication. The integration of the development of QSEN competencies opportunities in all the simulations would also be a positive accomplishment. It would also be important to foster all the practices of safety including peer monitoring, the application of checklists as well as read backs. Promotion of good communication within the teams and the simulation of the experiences in addition to the reporting of error as well as just cultures also contribute significantly towards this objective.

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