Type: Exploratory
Pages: 4 | Words: 1019
Reading Time: 5 Minutes

For the past two decades, there have been numerous arguments and unending, fierce and constant debates on whether or not nuclear weapons are becoming obsolete and outdated. Hundreds of research studies have also been conducted to establish whether or not the use of nuclear weapons is coming to an end. Research studies that have been conducted in the recent past allege that nuclear weapons no longer serve any significant strategic purpose for most countries, for instance, Wolf and the Library of argue that countries such as the United States of America, Europe and Great Britain no longer view nuclear weapons as purposeful resources.

Political instabilities, wars and conflicts amongst have considerably declined. This has resulted into the delinking of nuclear weapons from wars and politics. Zenko and the Council of Foreign Relations also assert that powerful nations such as the United States and Great Britain no longer need nuclear weapons to showcase their political and military prowess. According to Holst and Lackey, rational countries have decided not to use nuclear weapons on other nations due to the massive destruction and long-term effects of such undertakings. With this argument in mind, I would also affirm that the use of nuclear weapons is hastily diminishing because human judgment and consciousness do not permit the use of highly destructive and caustic weapons that would lead to unnecessary loss of millions of lives. In my opinion, the fear of massive destruction and annihilation caused by use of nuclear weapons during wars and conflicts has prevented further use of nuclear weapons by nations across the globe. Donaldson also affirms that nuclear is no longer used as a weapon of war, but rather as a weapon of threat and intimidation. This explains the frequent threats by countries such as North Korea and Iran to continue manufacturing nuclear weapons, although in reality, the weapons have not been used in any war over the past few years.

In addition, I would also assert that the likelihood of using nuclear weapons during wars and conflicts by nations is becoming slimmer each and every day. This is because most nations have entered into peace agreements and signed international treaties that prohibit and proscribe the use of nuclear weapons. Moreover, the Global Zero Movement has also constituted very strict laws and regulations that make illegal the production, use and transportation of nuclear weapons across the globe. As a result, the use of nuclear weapons by nations has been greatly weakened and diminished, thus making nuclear weapons strategically obsolete.

Another factor that has also contributed to the rapid obsolescence of nuclear weapons is the strategic deterrence techniques used by governments to protect their people from attacks by terrorists and foreign enemies. Most nations have opted to develop and deploy stringent techniques for deterring potential attacks from enemies. This has led to reduced use and increased insignificance of nuclear weapons in many countries. Greenwood, Rathjens and Ruina (2008) also affirm that nuclear weapons have become obsolete in Europe, and that they are kept only for symbolic value.

On the other hand, Cohen and Lee (2011) warn that until the goals and objectives of the Global Zero Movement are achieved, no individual or state should claim that nuclear weapons have become strategically obsolete. Global Zero is an international movement that crusades and fights for abolishment and eradication of nuclear weapons in the world. Moreover, the fact that most nations across the globe have opted not to use nuclear weapons against other nations during wars and conflicts does not imply that nations such as North Korea, Iran and Pakistan that have been advocating for use of nuclear weapons may not use the weapons in the future. According to Waltz, it is the international outcries and hullabaloos and global nuclear disarmament campaigns that have deterred countries such as North Korea and Iran from using nuclear weapons. Otherwise, such nations would strategically use nuclear weapons to destroy rival countries if they get a chance, given that the nuclear weapons are still within their reach.

Chakma (2010) also argues that it is unlikely that countries such as Pakistan and Syria that are war-infested would easily give away their nuclear power in response to the global nuclear disarmament campaigns. According to Chakma (2010), such countries consider and regard nuclear disarmament as a technique to reduce their military capabilities and give conventional superiority to the United States. This also explains why countries like North Korea, Iran and Russia have not conformed to calls by the United States to have them relinquish or abandon the production of nuclear weapons. Chakma (2010) further asserts that even the exhaustive corroborations and substantiations of the Chemical Weapons Convention have failed to deter or daunt Syria from producing and using nuclear weapons. Thus, Chakma (2010) argues that strategic obsolescence of nuclear weapons would be difficult to achieve. Waltz (2009) also warms that continued disarmament of nations with nuclear weapons have forced countries such as Pakistan to secretly stock and accumulate nuclear weapons; hence this would lead to unexpected emergence of nuclear weapons in the future thereby threatening the social, economical and political stabilities in most countries. However, I would disagree with Waltz by arguing that it is prudential to tackle the problem now than to sit back and watch as we maintain the status quo of using destructive nuclear weapons that have been witnessed in the past decades.


To finish off, I would reassert that nuclear weapons have become strategically obsolete despite the few instances of use of nuclear weapons by some nations. In addition, the international community has also joined hands in ensuring that nuclear weapons become strategically obsolete through the imposition of tough laws against countries that produce or use nuclear weapons. In my view, the efforts of the international community such as discrediting, delegitimizing and banning the use of nuclear weapons by nations would further help in realizing the dream of making nuclear weapons strategically obsolete in the world. It is also important to acknowledge that even though complete obsolescence or elimination of nuclear weapons may not be achieved, countries all over the world are responsible for ensuring that the use of nuclear weapons is greatly reduced.

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