Type: History
Pages: 3 | Words: 602
Reading Time: 3 Minutes

Geo-strategic policies of the European Great powers were led by geographical factors, which played a critical role in political and military activities. The geographical factors in the region enabled the Great Powers to unite and work together politically. They were also able to have military union that was critical in conquering other nations. The issue of the Ottoman Rule came into question as it was viewed as a crisis to the boom of the Great Powers.


There were religious differences between the nations where the European great powers were strong protestants while the Ottoman Empire were stunned Muslims. Italy was one of the great powers (Grandits 89). Even though Italy was a member of the Great European powers, it lacked in economic and military powers. Italy regarded Albania as its great zone of influence. They looked for various ways and means of taking over the city of Albania from the Turks. The Italy’s policy of opportunism made them to look into ways of taking over key cities of Turkey. They later took over some of the major cities from the Ottoman Empire and finally contributed to the fall of the Ottoman Empire.

France too as a major super power had economic and political ambitions on taking over Balkan. Since the time of Napoleonic wars, France was viewed as a threat to the Ottoman Empire. Napoleon invaded Egypt. French had commercial thoughts of Turkey and therefore it had various ambitions of seizing major cities of Turkey to accomplish their motives. The economic policies of the Great European powers also contributed to the downfall of the Ottoman Empire. After the war, the Turkish nations went bankrupt and had to be supported by France. They first set up conservative fiscal policies that would guide debt administration. The policies were to monitor Turkish monetary systems. French directors were employed to monitor Turkish finances. Since most of the French community had come to Turkey, they were forced to start their protestant religion, which was a clash with the Muslim religion in the community. Great Britain too had various interests in Turkish cities and it too fought for a place in Turkey.

After all the establishments in Turkey there were various internal rebellions arising due to various acts of religious and political reasons. The most well known factor that led to this was the religious conflicts. This is because when the visitors got a place in Turkey and took some of the key cities in Turkey, they introduced their religion, which was a rival to their own Muslim religion (Fromkin 56). They fought to prevent and protestant links in the region. They also fought with foreign enemies who were the Great super powers. The reasons for the conflicts with foreign nations included the fight for their land, which they claim, had been seized by the foreign nations. Italy had a policy of opportunism and it fought to get some territories in Turkish cities. Austria had annexed Bosnia; there was war with Italy, Greece and the world war one, which involved all Great European Powers. The resulting thing from these wars was a struggle to partition Turkey from the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire was a highly organized system that was headed by sultan (Quataert 123). Its organization was headed by sultan who was the highest ranked in the system


The highest point of various wars that took place in Ottoman Empire was the war for independence of Turkey. The Turkish community who were influenced by the Great European Powers wanted their independence. They wanted to flee from the Ottoman Empire rule. The act resulted in several acts of massacre, conflicts and uprisings.

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