Building of a suitable climate where all the participants get themselves involved in a cooperative attempt to reach the required decision. The decision, in this case, takes into consideration all the available and necessary information.
Giving people time to make their decisions and their positions should never be influenced by anyone. They should also be encouraged to change their positions to better ones.
Providing opportunity for them to ask questions and present their views concerning certain topics.
Socrates argues that telling the truth involves more than just utterance of a word or words. It includes all that the person thinks at the same time he or she speaks. He says telling the truth requires more psychological belief of a person and not just what he or she says. It requires the analysis of what one’s thoughts at when speaking. Socrates says that truth also depends with situations. Sometimes it is not necessary. He gives an example of a borrowed sword whose owner has gone mad. In this case, the sword won’t be returned and some truth has to be hidden from the mad sword owner in order to prevent any harm to other people he or she may cause when given the sword.
Polemarchus Synthesis states that there has to be exception in some cases. Truth should only be told to a certain limit. He supports Socrates idea of exception. He says that the definition, which has been given by Cephalus on justice, only has Simonide’s authority.
Thrasymachus defines justice as the interest or wishes of a stronger person in a society.
Socrates answers him with a question asking him if he thinks that the weather which is of course stronger than them find it its interest eating beef which they also eat. Thrasymachus replies by saying what he meant with the answer. He meant that rulers and leaders make laws, which are meant, for their own interests.
Thrasymachus says that the unjust man is normally the gainer and the just man the loser using illustrations of a nurse. Secondly, he says that law makers will always be have in a tyrannical manner, whatever the situations and they will always favor themselves. Finally, he says that the just person never aims at excess.
Socrates argues that the principle of strength is not the evil. The evil is the principle dissolution and discord. He talks of the negative nature of evil people who reason in a very crude way. He finally expresses that justice is actually a thief since it involves the stealing of rights from subjects by their leaders.
It is a method or an experiment used by Glaucon uses to respond to Thrasymachus’ view on justice. He says that if the unjust and the just, each has a ring, which makes people invisible, all of them will be invisible. This is the same way he says that people believe that doing just is good and doing unjust is evil. He says that unjust is discovered by a just mind and ones the discovery is done, there is a compact on the unjust individual, which makes him or her just. The compact is the justice according to Glaucon.Â Â