Type: History
Pages: 2 | Words: 563
Reading Time: 3 Minutes

Patricians were wealthy landowners, leading citizens, government officials, and very prosperous businessmen. The Roman assemblies were represented by a good figure of the patricians. Their legislation was subdivided into 193 centuries. Out of the two houses, a large proportion was made up of the patricians. It is revealed that patricians had 98 centuries. Although they were minute in number they could make up a majority due to their numbers in the centuries. This directly indicates that during voting the patricians could determine the outcome of votes, given that the Plesbians were not denied the opportunity to hold magistracies. This was as a result of the patricians taking a larger ratio in the centuries.

The patricians were believed to communicate well with the gods of Rome. In that case therefore, priests were held by pure patricians. All spiritual rites were performed by the patricians. On annual basis or before a military campaign, the magistrates of Rome were to communicate to the gods. Therefore, there was a link between the priest and the politicians. The first plebeian to be admitted into the college of priesthood was in 300B.C. this increased the number of students of Augurs college to nine from four earlier. Priesthood posts such as Flamines, Salii and Rex Sacrorum were taken over by the plebeians. All these posts had little political influence in the Republic.

At later stage, during the second century, two laws were formulated so as to give the plebeians the opportunity to have consulship as per the Licinian- sex law and on the other hand, Genucian law made it a must for the plebeians not to miss in the consuls.

The leader of the administration was the emperor. His responsibility was to look after the military as the military commander in chief, high priest, and court of appeal and a source of law. In that regard therefore soldiers had to swear before him and to neither the constitution nor the flag. The loyalty of the military, bureaucracy and imperial succession were regarded personal.This sort of power which was centralized, lead to the emergence of courts that the officials in the government together with the imperial family to serve as poets, doctors and slaves so as to be favored by the emperor.

Imperial administration was majorly slaves and those men who had been freed, just like the way Roman aristocrat operates. This was done so as to strengthen the bond between the freedmen and slaves. By o doing the y will be trusted by other emperors. The senators were diplomats with experience. The emperors took over powers such as the legislation and politics from the senate but requested them to help in the government and military command. The senates were denied access to all government offices, but only through loyal services.The pride and loyalty of the senate could be taken to the advantage of the empire.

The plebeians were considered disadvantaged members of the society, but with time, they gradually managed to secure wealth and power during the middle and late roman republic. On the contrary, patricians who were highly respected because they were the only one who had the right for wealth and power later become poor and missed to secure power.

During the early ages, priesthood was only held by the patricians, this changed after the law was introduced so as to give right to the plebeians to have the same rights as the patricians.

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